Earl Hishinuma, Ph.D.
Abstract of Mission/Goals:
The APIYVPC takes a comprehensive approach to reduce and prevent interpersonal youth violence by developing an effective, comprehensive, public-health, and culturally competent model to serve as a national prototype. This is accomplished through infrastructure development, community mobilization/empowerment, research, training, and dissemination.
Over $9.1 million
2000 to 2011
Total Number of Years:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Janice Chang, Psy.D.
Jane Chung-Do, Dr.P.H.
Deborah Goebert, Dr.P.H.
Anthony Guerrero, M.D.
Susana Helm, Ph.D.
Earl Hishinuma, Ph.D.
Katherine Irwin, Ph.D.
Gregory Mark, D.Crim.
Tai-An Miao, Ph.D. Candidate
Stephanie Nishimura, Ph.D.
Davis Rehuher, B.A.
Jeanelle Sugimoto-Matsuda, Dr.P.H. Candidate
Karen Umemoto, Ph.D.
Hui Mālama O Ke Kai
Kailua High School
Waimānalo Youth & Family Collaborative
Other local communities, and state/national agencies
Selected Accomplishments, Publications, Key Findings, etc.:
The APIYVPC has conducted essential epidemiological work on youth violence to demonstrate that prevention can have positive impact on youth violence, and demonstrate outcomes of a multi-faceted social-ecological approach.
- Projects completed with local schools and communities in Hawai‘i include:
- Ethnic Studies course evaluation
- Personal Transition Plan & Leadership (PTP/L) course evaluation
- Evaluation of “Hui Mālama o Ke Kai” (after school program rooted in Native Hawaiian values)
- School-Wide Safety & Wellness Survey (youth survey)
- Safe Community Household Survey (adult survey)
- Youth and adult focus groups
- Major findings have included:
- Need to disaggregate because Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders have higher rates of youth violence than Asian Americans;
- Ethnic identity and other types of social capital can be both protective factors and markers for risk (e.g., ethnic pride with no commitment to ethnic identity achievement);
- Primary prevention programs that have Native Hawaiian values as a foundation can demonstrate convincing empirical evidence of effectiveness;
- A social-ecological approach is heuristic and valuable when addressing youth violence.
The APIYVPC has continued to emphasize community and collaborations/partnerships in its work. This approach has emphasized stakeholder capacity, and ensuring sustainability of efforts.
- Three community mobilization efforts were completed in 2 states.
- Funded 12 community-based pilot projects.
- The APIYVPC facilitated the establishment of the Waimānalo Youth & Family Collaborative (WYFC)—the first major community-based coalition in the Waimānalo Community to address youth violence and provide support/resources for youth and families.
- Over its 11-year history, the APIYVPC assisted in or supported the submission of 75 extramural grants/contracts on its own or in association with its stakeholders/partners, totaling more than $65 million. This resulted in over $17 million of funding for various schools, communities, and the University of Hawai‘i.
Finally, the APIYVPC has spearheaded a multitude of education, training, and dissemination efforts.
- In past 11 years, >140 have benefited from the APIYVPC: 9 senior faculty, 15 junior faculty, and >130 junior researchers (e.g., graduate students, interns, undergraduate students, program managers, research assistants, student assistants). Approximately 80% were minorities and 68% were women. This included 6 tenure-track faculty who earned tenure, 3 promoted to full professor, 6 promoted to associate professor (3 subsequently promoted to full professor), and 14 advanced degrees earned.
- The APIYVPC has provided a substantial number of training opportunities for staff and to community members. For example, for 3 summers, the APIYVPC has taught an anti-bullying credit-course to a total of approximately 90 K-12 teachers and school officials, with outstanding evaluation results.
- Local and national policymakers have been educated on the importance of primary prevention and positive youth development. For example, in July 2008, a legislative briefing was organized for offices of all four U.S. Congressional Senators and Representatives to highlight APIYVPC’s community partners and share evaluation findings of an after-school program grounded in Native Hawaiian values. The APIYVPC also organized town hall meetings with Congresswoman Mazie Hirono (October 2008) and Senator Daniel Inouye (April 2009), latter resulted in the Senator’s support for the expansion of the WYFC.