Developing Drug Prevention in Rural Hawaii with Native Hawaiian Youth

Principal Investigator:
Susana Helm, consortium Principal Investigator

Abstract of Mission/Goals:
The purpose of this project is to develop a drug prevention project with and for rural Native Hawaiian middle school aged youth for school and community-based use. The project uses a community-engaged research strategy, and includes both qualitative and quantitative designs and methods.

Total Funding:
K01: sub-award of $221,695 (total 5-year award $725,000)
R34: sub-award of $150,000 (total 3-year award $529,771)

Funding Period:
K01: 2006-2011, 5 years
R34: 2011-2014, 3 years

Total Number of Years:
8 years

Funding Source:
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Awarded to Scott Okamoto, PhD, Principal Investigator at Hawaii Pacific University
Subcontract from HPU to UH Department of Psychiatry

Key Personnel/Staff:
Susana Helm, consortium Principal Investigator
Scott Okamoto, Principal Investigator

Partners:
Hawai’i Pacific University
State of Hawai’i, Department of Education
County of Hawai’i, Prosecuting Attorney’s Office
Matt Yamashita, Quazifilms Media

Timely Information:
Production of drug prevention videos currently underway, with filming scheduled for February 17-19, 2012. For more information contact Susana Helm, toll free: 866.345.9323.

Selected Accomplishments, Publications, Key Findings, etc.:
Pre-prevention research concluded in summer 2011 (K01).
Feasibility studies begin with the new academic school year (R34).

Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications:

  1. 1. In Press Okamoto SK, Kulis S, Helm S, Giroux D, Edwards C. The social contexts of drug offers and their relationship to drug use of rural Hawaiian youth. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse (accepted 11/15/10).
  2. 2. 2011 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Delp J, Stone K, Dinson A, Stetkiewicz J. A community stakeholder analysis of drug resistance strategies of rural Native Hawaiian youth. Journal of Primary Prevention, 31(1-2); DOI 10.1007/s10935-011-0247-7.
  3. 3. 2011 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Giroux D, Kaliades A. “I no like get caught using drugs”: Explanations for refusal as a drug resistance strategy for rural Native Hawaiian youth. Journal of Cultural Diversity and Ethnicity in Social Work, 20(2), 150-166, doi: 10.1080/15313204.2011.570131.
  4. 4. 2011 Okamoto SK. Current and future directions in social work research with Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders. Journal of Ethnic And Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 20: 2, 93 — 97. DOI: 10.1080/15313204.2011.569979.
  5. 5. 2010 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Giroux D, Kaliades A, Kawano KN, Kulis S. A typology and analysis of drug resistance strategies of rural Native Hawaiian youth. Journal of Primary Prevention, 31(5-6), 311-319. DOI 10.1007/s10935-010-0222-8.
  6. 6. 2010 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Giroux D, Edwards C, & Kulis S. The development and initial validation of the Hawaiian Youth Drug Offers Survey (HYDOS). Ethnicity & Health, 15(1), 73-92.
  7. 7. 2010 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Poa-Kekuawela K, Nebre L, Chin CIH. Exploring culturally specific drug resistance strategies of Hawaiian youth in rural communities. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 54(1), 56-75. [PMCID: PMC2922754] [Please note: Helm is 2nd author, but hardcopy journal typesetting re-arranged author order and placed Helm last].
  8. 8. 2010 Okamoto SK, Kulis S, Helm S, Edwards C, & Giroux D. Gender differences in drug offers of rural Hawaiian youth: A mixed methods analysis. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 25(3) 291-306.
  9. 9. 2010 Okamoto SK. Academic marginalization? The journalistic response to social work research on native Hawaiian youths. Social Work Research, 55(1), 93 — 94.
  10. 10. 2009 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Poa-Kekuawela K, Nebre L, Chin CIH. Community risk and resiliency factors related to drug use of rural Native Hawaiian youth. An Exploratory Study. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 8(2), 163-177. [NIHMSID: NIHMS119307].
  11. 11. 2009 Poa-Kekuawela K, Okamoto SK, Helm S, Nebre L, & Chin CIH. ‘A‘ole drugs! Cultural practices and drug resistance of rural Hawaiian youth. Journal of Ethnic Identity & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 18(3), 242-258. [NIHMSID: NIHMS124013].
  12. 12. 2008 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Medeiros H, Chin CIH, Kawano K, Poa-Kekuawela K, Nebre L, Sele FP. Participatory Drug Prevention Research in Rural Hawai’i with Native Hawaiian Middle School Students. Progress in Community Health Partnerships, 2(4), 307-313. [PMCID: PMC2729072].

Other Publications:

  1. 1. 2010 Helm S & Okamoto SK. Developing evidence-based practice in substance use prevention. Rural native Hawaiian youth and communities. Abstract published in Hawaii Medical Journal, 69, pages 118-119.
  2. 2. 2009 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Giroux D, and Edwards C. Underage drinking technical report. Preliminary findings from the Promoting Social Competence and Resilience among Native Hawaiian Youth project. Technical Report produced by the Department of Psychiatry, University of Hawai’i, Honolulu, HI.
  3. 3. 2008 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Medeiros H, Kimura J. Podcast interview with the authors. Transcript printed in Progress in Community Health Partnerships. (Available online Spring 2009).
  4. 4. 2008 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Medeiros H, Chin CIH, Kawano K, Poa-Kekuawela K, Nebre L, Sele FP. Drug Prevention Science in Rural Hawai’i with Native Hawaiian Youth. The Community Psychologist, 41(3/4), 26-27.
  5. 5. 2008 Helm S. Defining participatory action research in schools: Stories of success, opportunity, and challenge. The Community Psychologist, Vol 41 (1), pages 30-31.
  6. 6. 2007 Helm S. Community psychologists consider cultural contexts within school-based projects. The Community Psychologist.

National/International, Local Refereed Conference & Symposium Presentations:

  1. 1. 2011 Helm S. Ethical considerations in research with schools, communities, and organizations. Psychiatry Grand Rounds, Honolulu, HI. September 30, 2011.
  2. 2. 2011 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Delp J, Stekiewicz J, Stone K. Developing evidence-based practices in youth substance use in rural Hawai’i. Presentation for the Society for Community Research and Action Biennial Conference, Chicago IL, June 2011.
  3. 3. 2011 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Giroux D, Kaliades A. ‘I no like get caught using drugs': Explanations for refusal as a drug resistance strategy for rural Native Hawaiian youth. Presentation for the From Disparities Research to Disparities Interventions: Lessons Learned and Opportunities for the Future of Behavioral Health Services. Arlington, VA, April 2011.
  4. 4. 2011 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Giroux D, Kaliades A. A typology and analysis of drug resistance strategies of rural Native Hawaiian youth. Presentation for the From Disparities Research to Disparities Interventions: Lessons Learned and Opportunities for the Future of Behavioral Health Services. Arlington, VA, April 2011.
  5. 5. 2011 Helm S. Youth prevention research and dissemination. Psychiatry Grand Rounds, Honolulu, HI (3/18/2011).
  6. 6. 2010 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Medeiros H, Correa M, Delp J. Culturally responsive research as a foundation for evidence based substance abuse prevention. Symposium presentation for Kamehameha Schools Research Conference on Native Hawaiian Wellbeing, Kaneohe, HI October 21, 2010.
  7. 7. 2010 Helm S. Developing substance use prevention: Collaborating with Hawaiian youth and communities. NIDA Early Career Poster Session, American Psychological Association, San Diego, CA. August 2010.
  8. 8. 2010 Helm S & Okamoto SK. Participatory action research to prevent substance use among Native Hawaiian youth. International Community Psychology, Biennial conference, Puebla, MX. June 2010.
  9. 9. 2010 Helm S. Developing evidence-based practice in substance use prevention: Rural Native Hawaiian youth and communities. Paper presented at the Cross Cultural Health Care Conference, Honolulu, HI. February 2010.
  10. 10. 2010 Okamoto SK, Kulis S, Helm S, Edwards C, Giroux D. The social contexts of drug offers and their relationship to drug use of rural Hawaiian youth. Paper presented at Society for Social Work Research, San Francisco, CA. January 2010.
  11. 11. 2010 Okamoto SK, Helm S, Giroux D, Edwards C, Kulis S. The development and validation of the Hawaiian Youth Drug Offers Survey (HYDOS). Paper presented at Society for Social Work Research, San Francisco, CA. January 2010.
  12. 12. 2010 Okamoto SK, Kulis S, Helm S, Edwards C, Giroux D. Gender differences in drug offers of Native Hawaiian youth in rural communities: A mixed methods analysis. Paper presented at Society for Social Work Research, San Francisco, CA. January 2010.
  13. 13. 2009 Helm S. Context and substance use intervention with Native Hawaiian youth. Paper presented at the Hawaii Addictions Conference/AAPI Workgroup Scientific Conference, NIDA, Honolulu, HI. May 2009.
  14. 14. 2009 Helm S. Using qualitative research to enhance practice and policy in youth research. Psychiatry Grand Rounds, Honolulu, HI (2/6/2009).
  15. 15. 2008 Helm S, Okamoto SK, Lee W, Davis R and Hanakahi V. Innovations in rural Native Hawaiian substance abuse interventions. Symposium presented at the Kamehameha Schools Research conference on Native Hawaiian Wellness, Kaneohe, HI. November 2008.
  16. 16. 2008 Helm S and Okamoto SK. Place-based and culturally informed drug prevention with indigenous Hawaiian youth. Paper presented at the International Community Psychology, Biennial Conference, Lisbon Portugal. June 2008.
  17. 17. 2008 Helm S. Contexts of teen dating in Hawai’i: Implications for violence prevention. Poster presented at Society for Prevention Research, Annual Conference, San Francisco. May 2008.
  18. 18. 2007 Helm S, Bishop B, Flay B. Participatory action research promotes culture-based school interventions. Roundtable Discussant, Society for Community Research/Action, Pasadena, CA.

Local Workshops & Seminars:

  1. 1. 2009-2011 Okamoto SK and Helm S. Complex Superintendents Meeting, County of Hawai’i, Department of Education. Promoting Social Competence and Resilience among Native Hawaiian Youth. Study 2 Update. 1/20/09 & 2/13/09; Study 3 Update: 2/16/10 & 2/19/10; Study 4 Update: 4/15/11.

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