January 29, 2018

Hawaii Okinawan Restaurant Project Exhibit at Honolulu Hale

Filed under: events — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The following event announcement was made by the Okinawan Festival.

Center for Oral History at UH

Image source: http://www.oralhistory.hawaii.edu/pages/occupations/oroku_restaurants.html

“The Hawaii Okinawan Restaurant Project documented over 325 restaurants in Hawaii owned by Okinawans. This remarkable story is told in an exhibit on display at Honolulu Hale (530 S. King Street) from January 19th to February 8th.

1) The Oroku Restaurant Exhibit – Learn the story of Ushi Takara of American Cafe and the 74 restaurants owned by Hawaii Okinawans from Oroku village in Okinawa.

2) The Hawaii Okinawan Restaurant Project – Learn about the over 325 (and counting!) restaurants owned by Okinawans in Hawaii. Find out how you can help us grow the project!

3) Hawaii by Food Exhibit (part of Smithsonian Museum’s Key Ingredients tour, courtesy of Kapi’olani Community College – Learn about Hawaii’s unique food history.

4) Take a photo sitting at Columbia Inn’s iconic roundtable and stools! Gene Kaneshiro brought one of the original roundtables and stools for people to take photos at!!

NOTE: There will be a Closing Reception on Thursday, February 8th from 4 pm to 6 pm at Honolulu Hale!

The event, sponsored by the Mayor’s Office of Culture and the Arts, is free and open to the public!”

Source: https://www.facebook.com/events/172073326740556/

  • Event: Hawai’i Okinawan Restaurant Project Exhibit
  • Date:  January 19th, 2018 to February 8th, 2018
  • Location: Honolulu Hale (530 S. King Street, Honolulu, HI)

The University of Hawai’i’s Center for Oral History has an informative page about restaurant services as one of the occupations described by the Okinawan-Hawaiians.

The Oroku, Okinawa Connection: Local-Style Restaurants in Hawai’i

Oshiro, Joleen. (24 January 2018). Honolulu Star-Advertiser. “Taste of Okinawan history on the menu.”

February 6, 2018

Hawai’i Public Radio has a coverage on the event.

Tanigawa, N. 02 February 2018. Okinawan Eateries: The Dawn of Honolulu’s Restaurant Scene. Retrieved from http://hawaiipublicradio.org/post/okinawan-eateries-dawn-honolulu-s-restaurant-scene

January 5, 2018

The number of tourists in Okinawa continue to grow: record high in November 2017

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa Prefectural Government (沖縄県文化観光スポーツ部) released the data of the number of foreign and domestic tourists to Okinawa in November 2017.

The statistics shows the increase/decrease from the previous year (2016), and the nationalities for the foreign tourists. All data is written in Japanese.

Number of foreign tourists in Okinawa

[Source: http://www.pref.okinawa.jp/site/bunka-sports/kankoseisaku/kikaku/statistics/tourists/documents/h29-11gaikyou.pdf]

(n.s.) (2017 December 22). Ryukyu Shimpo “Okinawa kankō ga zekkōchō, nen 900-mannin toppa e: 11-gatsu jiten de zennengoe” [「沖縄観光が絶好調、年900万人突破へ 11月時点で前年超え」].

Meanwhile, Nansei Shoto Industrial Advancement Center (一般財団法人南西地域産業活性化センター) released new data on population increase in Okinawa Prefecture. Their data state that more and more foreigners live in Okinawa.

Nansei shoto [sic] Industrial Advancement Center. (December 2017 20). “Zōkasuru kennai no zairyū gaikokujin ni tsuite (「増加する県内の在留外国人について」).” Okinawa Keizai Review, No. 4.

Foreign residents by country in Okinawa

[Figure source: https://niac.or.jp/topix/keizaireview04.pdf]

This report says the largest increase was made by the residents from Nepal (in straight blue line).

(n.s.) (2017 December 21). Okinawa Times. 「人口増加率全国トップの沖縄、その4割が外国人: 中国・ベトナム人が著しい伸び」.

UHM Library has some resources on tourism in Okinawa.

December 21, 2017

New Resource: Koza riot as seen by the U.S.

Filed under: resources — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa Collection recently acquired a book titled Beikoku ga mita Koza bōdō : Beikoku kobunsho Ei-Wa taiyaku (= Koza riot as seen by the U.S. : U.S. official document side by side in English and Japanese (1999).

Front cover of Koza riot as seen by the U.S.

コザ騒動(コザ事件)from 日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ)

「1970年(昭和45)12月20日、コザ市(現沖縄県沖縄市)で発生した沖縄住民による反米焼き打ち事件。コザ騒動ともいう。事件は、基地の街コザで起こった交通事故に端を発し、米軍憲兵の住民無視の事故処理と威嚇発砲に市民の怒りが爆発、約5000人の群集が米軍車両75台を焼き打ち、武装出動した憲兵隊約300人に投石、多数の負傷者を出した。同事件は、人権無視の米軍支配に対する沖縄住民の不満の爆発として受け取られ、沖縄返還協定の交渉中であった日米両政府に大きな衝撃を与えた」。

Ueunten, W. I. (2010). Rising Up from a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in U.S.-Occupied Okinawa. In Enloe C. (Author) & Shigematsu S. & Camacho K. (Eds.), Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific (pp. 91-124). University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.ctttv7q0.10

“I [Wesley Iwao Ueunten] came across an account of a riot that occurred in Okinawa on December 20, 1970, that made its way to the front page of many major American newspapers but then suddenly disappeared from news coverage the next day. In the aftermath of the “Koza Riot,” or what I choose to call the “Koza Uprising” because it was not merely a chaotic and mindless fracas (a point about which I will address later; see Figure 5.1), over seventy cars owned by Americans and a few buildings on the huge Kadena Air Force Base, for which the town of Koza served as an entertainment district, were burned by Okinawans. No such violent protest by Okinawans toward U.S. military occupation can be remembered before or since then.”

[Militarized Currents : Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific, edited by Setsu Shigematsu, and Keith L. Camacho, University of Minnesota Press, 2010. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uhm/detail.action?docID=548047.
Created from uhm on 2017-12-20 17:06:04.]

(n.s.) (2003 March 1). “Koza hanbei sodo / コザ反米騒動” in Ryukyu Shimpo.

December 18, 2017

Yakabushi – song sung by POWs at the Yaka camp in Okinawa

Filed under: resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Yakabushi (song) and POWs in Okinawa

Yakabushi monument

[Image source: https://www.visitkintown.jp/en/spot/monument-to-yaka-prisoner-of-war-camp]

The song “Yakabushi [屋嘉節]” is often played during the peace memorial in June in Okinawa. In his article titled “Songs of War and Peace: Music and Memory in Okinawa” (2010), James E. Roberson writes:

“Survivors of the Battle of Okinawa, including many civilians, were initially placed by the American military into internment camps throughout Okinawa (Molasky 1999:17). Two well-known songs recall life in these camps, PW Mujō (also, PW Bushi) and Yaka Bushi (Bise 1998:184). The lyrics of both songs largely overlap and were written in the POW camp at Yaka. Both melancholic songs sing of sadness deepened by the harrowing experiences of war, by thoughts of homes and villages destroyed by fighting, by worries about the safety of relatives, and by personal troubles. The lyrics to the first verse of Yaka Bushi are(13)

Yaka Bushi

Beloved Okinawa, turned into a battlefield

Turned into a battlefield

All of the people, with flowing tears

With flowing tears”

Other resources and information related to the songs sung by the POWs are as follows:

  • Ryukyu Shimpo, Yaka Shūyōjoat de tsuito ensō : horyo tsukutta “Yakabushi” hibikaseru (Japanese) / 「屋嘉収容所跡で追悼演奏 捕虜つくった「屋嘉節」響かせる」(『琉球新報』、2017年6月23日)。
  • Nakasone, Ronald Y. (2002). Okinawan diaspora. (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i at Mānoa Press), p. 109.

In 2005, Mr. Shōichi Chibana of Yomitan Village in Okinawa visited the West Bank, where he played Yakabushi (or Yaka Bushi) with a Ryukyuan musical instrument called sanshin / 三線.

  • Asahi Shinbun, evening edition (夕刊). (September 17, 2005). “Okinawa, Yimitan songi no Chibana Shōichi-san Paresuchina ni Ryukyu no chinkonka.” Accessed from database Kikuzo II Visual.

December 10, 2017

US Department of the Interior starts investigation on Okinawan POWs sent to Hawai’i

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

On December 8, 2017 (Japan Time) Ryukyu Shimpo reported that the United States Department of the Interior decided to interview seven former Okinawan POWs (prisoners of war) who were sent to Hawai’i after 1945.

(n.s.) 2017, December 8. “Moto Hawai horyo o Amerika Kokumusho ga chōsa / 元ハワイ捕虜を米内務省が調査 きょうから沖縄県内7人 = US Department of the Interior begins interviewing former Okinawan POWs sent to Hawai’i.” Ryukyu Shimpo. Retrieved from https://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-626937.html

Honouliuli Natioanl Monument

[Image source: https://www.nps.gov/hono/index.htm]

Those Okinawan POWs were sent to the Honouliuli internment camp, which is now certified as a national historic site in the United States.

In 2015 then United States President Barack Obama proclaimed the establishment of the Honouliuli National Monument.

https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2015/02/24/presidential-proclamation-establishment-honouliuli-national-monument

Cole, W. (2015, February 24). Obama signs Honouliuli monument proclamation. Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved from http://www.staradvertiser.com/2015/02/24/breaking-news/obama-signs-honouliuli-monument-proclamation/

In June 2017, a memorial service was conducted in Hawai’i for 12 Okinawnas who died in Hawai’i.

Hurley, T. (2017, May 6). Okinawa delegation seeks closure for POWs. Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved from http://www.staradvertiser.com/2017/05/16/hawaii-news/okinawa-delegation-seeks-closure-for-pows/

Okinawa Prefectural Library is going to have an event in which 3 former POWs will talk their experiences in the camp in Hawai’i. The flyer is available in PDF below.

http://www.library.pref.okinawa.jp/UserFiles/File/kyoudo/events/1217Talkevent.pdf

Okinawa Prefectural Library complied a list of resources related to Okinawan POWs in Hawai’i.

(The resources are written in Japanese.)

On October 18, 2017, Okinawa Prefectural Library had an exhibit of the Okinawa POWs. Ryukyu Asahi Hoso has a video clip in which a song PW-bushi (PW節) was being played.

ハワイ沖縄捕虜と移民の企画展

Adobe Flash required to watch the video.

University of Hawai’i news featured a publication on the Honouliuli published from the University of Hawai’i Press.

(2014, July 18). Breaking the Silence explores Honouliuli history. University of Hawai’i News. http://www.hawaii.edu/news/2014/07/18/breaking-the-silence-explores-honouliuli-history/

 

Falgout, S., &  Nishigaya, L., eds., Breaking the silence : lessons of democracy and social justice from the World War II Honouliuli internment and POW camp in Hawaiʻi. (Honolulu, Hawaiʻi : Department of Sociology, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa ; Distributed by University of HawaiʻI Press, 2014).

 

December 1, 2017

Obituary: Takejiro Higa, Nisei soldier from Oahu

Filed under: events,news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 12:00 AM

From Obituaries in Honolulu Star-Advertiser (November 26, 2017)

Takejiro Higa, “94, of Honolulu, a World War II veteran of the Military Intelligence Service and retired Internal Revenue Service Agent passed away on October 7, 2017….He was active in many civic and cultural organizations including the Jikoen Hongwanji Mission, Kita Nakagusuku Sonjin Kai, Hawaii United Okinawa Association and Hui Makaala.”

  • Memorial Service Date: Saturday, December 2, 2017
  • Time: Visitation at 10:00 AM, Service begins at 11:00AM
  • Place: Hosoi Garden Mortuary (30 N Kukui St, Honolulu, HI 96817)

For more information about Mr. Takejiro Higa and his life, please visit http://blog.hawaii.edu/okinawacollection/2017/10/09/takejiro-higa-nisei-soldier-from-oahu-passes-away/

 

 

November 22, 2017

50th Anniversary UH-Chubu Program Celebration (video recording of the event)

Filed under: events,resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Several video recording of the 50th anniversary celebration of the UH Post-Graduate Medical Education Program at Chubu Hospita, Okinawa, became available.

The event was held at the Center for Korean Studies at UH Manoa campus on November 5, 2017.

“The program begins with Keynote Speaker Dr. Kaoru Ashimine, Director of the UH Postgraduate Medical Education Program at Chubu Hospital. Other speakers include Dr. Satoru Izutsu, Vice Dean of JABSOM, Dr. Junji Machi, Kuakini Medical Center, Graduate of the Program and Current Professor of the UH Postgraduate Medical Education Program at Chubu Hospital. And Ms. Ann Ito, Director of the UH Mānoa Kōkua Program. She also is the daughter of Steven Chinen, who assisted in establishing the program.” [https://jabsom.hawaii.edu/events/50th-anniversary-celebration-uh-post-graduate-medical-education-program-at-chubu-hospital-okinawa/]

The video is available on YouTube.

The University of Hawaii at Manoa is going to acquire a copy a commemorative book on the 50th anniversary from the Chubu Hospital.

The event held in Okinawa is available from the Ryukyu Shimpo’s website.

「戦後医療の足跡つづる:中部病院『臨床研修制度』50年記念誌」、琉球新報、2017年11月9日付。

 

November 14, 2017

Film Screening: Ikusaba nu Tudumi (We Shall Overcome)

Filed under: events — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Center for Okinawan Studies at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa is going to have a free film screening, directed by Chie Mikami (三上智恵). The film is titled Ikusaba nu tudumi (=We shall overcome) / 戦場ぬ止み <いくさばぬとぅどぅみ>, 2015).

Film ikusaba nu tudumi

  • Date: Sunday, December 3. 2017
  • Time: 1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
  • Location: Center for Korean Studies
  • This event is free, and open to the public.

Parking is free on the UH Mānoa campus on Sundays.

After the film, Dr. Joyce Chinen will lead a discussion about the film.

Director Chie Mikami made another film titled Hyōteki no mura (標的の村 = Targeted Village, 2013).

UH Mānoa Library has a book written by Director Chie Mikami about the film making and what she hopes for Takae and Henoko areas. The book is written in Japanese.

Ikusaba nu tudumi : Henoko, Takae kara no inori / 戦場ぬ止み : 辺野古・高江からの祈り /

The publisher Ōtsuki Shoten has a site where some of the pages are available to read.

October 16, 2017

UH-Chubu Hospital 50th Anniversary Event

Filed under: events — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 1:00 PM

The University of Hawai’i-Chubu Hospital in Okinawa’s 50th Anniversary Event will be held on Sunday, November 5, 2017 at the Center for Korean Studies.

COS UH-Chubu 50th anniversary event

“This year marks the 50th anniversary of UH’s collaboration with Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital. To enhance the workforce of physicians in Okinawa, UH was recruited at the request of the U.S. Army and State Department to introduce a U.S. style postgraduate clinical training program. As a result of the collaboration, the program has helped train hundreds of physicians for the islands of Okinawa and neighboring archipelagos of Miyako and Yaeyama Islands. Please join us for this anniversary to commemorate one of UH’s longest and most productive international collaborations.” (from the event announcement)

  • Date: Sunday, November 5, 2017
  • Time: 1:00PM-2:45PM (FORMAL PROGRAM); 2:45PM-3:30 PM (RECEPTION)
  • Location: Center for Korean Studies at the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa
  • Event is free and open to public
  • Parking is free on Sunday on campus

Many articles are written on this collaboration between the UH and the Okinawa Chubu Hospital. One of them is written by Masao Maeshiro, MD, Satoru Izutsu, Ph.D., and Kathleen Kihmm Connolly, Ph.D., titled “A History of the University of Hawai‘i Postgraduate Medical Education Program at Okinawa Chubu Hospital, 1966–2012.” (2014).

Maeshiro, M., Izutsu, S., & Connolly, K. (2014). Medical school hotline: A History of the University of Hawai’i Postgraduate Medical Education Program at Okinawa Chubu Hospital, 1966-2012. Hawai’i Journal of Medicine & Public Health : A Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health, 73(6), 191-194.

Please contact the Center for Okinawan Studies (COS) at 808-956-5754 or email COS at cos[at]hawaii.edu (replace [at] with @) for more information and disability accommodation.

Okinawans in Brazil: new acquisitions

Filed under: diaspora,resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa Collection is pleased to announce some additions to the collection. The items were donated by the Okinawa Brazil Kenjinkai in Brazil.

  • 1 século de história em fotos : a comunidade Okinawana no Brasil = Shashin de miru Burajiru Okinawa kenjin imin no rekishi (写真で見るブラジル沖縄県人移民の歴史)
  • 325 Okinawans: relação contendo a síntese de suas trajetórias de vida = Kasadomaru Okinawa kenjin imin 325-mei : meibo oyobi kantanna sokuseki (笠戸丸沖縄県人移民325名 : 名簿及び簡単な足跡) (a supplement to the book above)
  • Imigração Okinawana no Brasil : 90 anos desde Kasato Maru
  • Kaikoroku : oshidori beiju wo mukaete = Retrospectivas : realização da “oshidori beiju” (回顧録 : おしどり米寿を迎えて) by Isamu Yamashiro / 山城勇

 

photos of gift items from Brazil

These items will become available once being cataloged.

There is a research institute in Brazil that focuses on immigrants from Okinawa and mainland Japan called Centro de Estudos Nipo-Brasileiros (= the Center for Japanese-Brazilian Studies) in San Paulo, Brazil. The Center offers an extended amount of resources, including statistics on immigrant population from Japan, photographs of immigrants, and a database to look up immigration histories (the interface of the database is written in Japanese).

The following resources might be of interest for those who are interested in learning Okinawan immigrants to Brazil.

The University of the Ryukyus has a database called BIDOM (Bibliographic Information Database of Okinawa Materials). The database mainly collects the books, articles, and newspaper articles related to Okinawa that are written in Japanese. However, as of October 6, 2017, a search with keywords, “Okinawa” and “Brazil” (in Japanese) retrieved 109 results (this search was limited to journal and newspaper articles).

image of BIDOM search results

Lastly, the National Diet Library (NDL) of Japan has a website that commemorates the 100th year of Japanese emigration to Brazil. The site is available in 3 languages: Japanese, Portuguese, and English.

http://www.ndl.go.jp/brasil/

Japanese emigration to Brazil site

NDL’s site has a page with a list of links that might be useful to understand the Japanese (including Okinawa) emigration history in Brazil.

http://www.ndl.go.jp/brasil/e/link.html

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