July 14, 2017

“Amerikayu”: Okinawa under the US occupation from 1950 to 1972

Filed under: resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Amerika yu* / アメリカ世

*In Okinawa, “yo / 世” is pronounced as “yu / ゆ.”

After Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces at the end of WWII, first the United States Navy, then the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Island (USCAR) occupied Okinawa until 1972.  The era Okinawa was under the US occupation is often referred as “Amerika yu / アメリカ世.” In 1972 Okinawa was returned to Japan (reversion) .  The era after the reversion is called “Yamato yu / 大和世 (やまとゆ).”

Yahoo! Japan has a page that provides interviews of those who lived in “Amerikayu.”

“Beikoku to ikita ‘Amerikayu’ to wa : fukki 45-nen no Okinawa o iku” / 米国と生きた「アメリカ世」とは:復帰45年の沖縄を行く (The page is written in Japanese)

picture of a musician named Kyan Marie

[Image source: https://news.yahoo.co.jp/feature/606]

On the page a video shows an interview of a musician named George Murasaki. Murasaki explained how he and other musicians such as Kyan Marie (喜屋武マリー) worked in clubs which served the US servicemen.

Professor James Roberson at the Kanazawa Seiryo University has written numerous articles on Okinawa under the US occupation, and the occupation’s influence in culture, especially in music.

Here are some articles written by Prof. Roberson:

  • Roberson, James E. (November 2011). “Doin’ our thing”: identity and colonial modernity in Okinawa rock music.” Popular Music and Society,  34(5): 593-620.
  • Roberson, James E. (July 2010). “Singing diaspora: Okinawan songs of home, departure, and return.” Identities,  17(4): 430-453. DOI: 10.1080/1070289X.2010.492330

Print resources at UH Mānoa Library

Sengo o tadoru : “Amerika yu” kara “Yamato no yu” e (=戦後をたどる : 「 アメリカ世」から「ヤマトの世」へ) / Naha-shi Rekishi Hakubutsukan hen.

July 3, 2017

Okinawa 1935: photos before the Battle of Okinawa

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Okinawa 1935: a collaborative website between Asahi Shinbun and The Okinawa Times

Okinawa 1935 (沖縄1935: 写真でよみがえる戦前) is a website collaborated by the two newspaper companies in Japan–Asahi Shinbun and The Okinawa Times.

The site offers a glimpse of people’s lives in Koja, Naha, Itoman, and Kudakashima with the photos taken in 1935–before the Battle of Okinawa. The photographs on the site are available for purchase through Asahi Shinbun Photo Archive. The site also provide the readers with the related newspaper articles.

Top page of a website titled Okinawa 1935

Newspaper articles from Okinawa 1935