April 1, 2019

April First 1945 in Okinawa

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 2:00 PM

Most people think of April 1st as “April Fool’s Day.” In Okinawa, April First is associated with and remembered as the day that Okinawa was invaded by the U.S. ground troops.

 Okinawa Marine Cave Demolition

Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OkinawaMarineCaveDemolition.jpg

“This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.”

According to Encyclopædia Britannica ACADEMIA, an online encyclopedia, the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Library subscribes to,

“Over the final days of March, American underwater demolition teams and minesweepers cleared obstacles from the landing beaches. Under the overall leadership of theatre commander Adm. Chester Nimitz, Fifth Fleet commander Adm. Raymond Spruance would oversee the landings and U.S. ground troops would be commanded by Lieut. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. The invasion was launched on April 1, 1945, when a contingent of U.S. ground troops landed at Hagushi, on the west coast of central Okinawa. Before nightfall, some 50,000 men of the U.S. 10th Army, under the command of Buckner, had gone ashore and established a beachhead about 5 miles (8 km) long.”

Britannica Academic, s.v. “Battle of Okinawa,” accessed April 1, 2019, https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/Battle-of-Okinawa/631143.

Ted Tsukiyama, Nisei soldier from Hawai’i wrote,

The April 1st [1945] invasion was preceded by 7 days of “softening up” artillery fire of 13,000 rounds by U.S. Navy guns and 3,095 sorties by carrier planes from Task Force 58 at the proposed landing sites at Hagushi and Chatan beaches.

Source: http://nisei.hawaii.edu/object/io_1149316185200.html

The Battle of Okinawa related resources and information: https://guides.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/okinawa/peace_learning