January 5, 2018

The number of tourists in Okinawa continue to grow: record high in November 2017

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa Prefectural Government (沖縄県文化観光スポーツ部) released the data of the number of foreign and domestic tourists to Okinawa in November 2017.

The statistics shows the increase/decrease from the previous year (2016), and the nationalities for the foreign tourists. All data is written in Japanese.

Number of foreign tourists in Okinawa

[Source: http://www.pref.okinawa.jp/site/bunka-sports/kankoseisaku/kikaku/statistics/tourists/documents/h29-11gaikyou.pdf]

(n.s.) (2017 December 22). Ryukyu Shimpo “Okinawa kankō ga zekkōchō, nen 900-mannin toppa e: 11-gatsu jiten de zennengoe” [「沖縄観光が絶好調、年900万人突破へ 11月時点で前年超え」].

Meanwhile, Nansei Shoto Industrial Advancement Center (一般財団法人南西地域産業活性化センター) released new data on population increase in Okinawa Prefecture. Their data state that more and more foreigners live in Okinawa.

Nansei shoto [sic] Industrial Advancement Center. (December 2017 20). “Zōkasuru kennai no zairyū gaikokujin ni tsuite (「増加する県内の在留外国人について」).” Okinawa Keizai Review, No. 4.

Foreign residents by country in Okinawa

[Figure source: https://niac.or.jp/topix/keizaireview04.pdf]

This report says the largest increase was made by the residents from Nepal (in straight blue line).

(n.s.) (2017 December 21). Okinawa Times. 「人口増加率全国トップの沖縄、その4割が外国人: 中国・ベトナム人が著しい伸び」.

UHM Library has some resources on tourism in Okinawa.

December 10, 2017

US Department of the Interior starts investigation on Okinawan POWs sent to Hawai’i

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

On December 8, 2017 (Japan Time) Ryukyu Shimpo reported that the United States Department of the Interior decided to interview seven former Okinawan POWs (prisoners of war) who were sent to Hawai’i after 1945.

(n.s.) 2017, December 8. “Moto Hawai horyo o Amerika Kokumusho ga chōsa / 元ハワイ捕虜を米内務省が調査 きょうから沖縄県内7人 = US Department of the Interior begins interviewing former Okinawan POWs sent to Hawai’i.” Ryukyu Shimpo. Retrieved from https://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-626937.html

Honouliuli Natioanl Monument

[Image source: https://www.nps.gov/hono/index.htm]

Those Okinawan POWs were sent to the Honouliuli internment camp, which is now certified as a national historic site in the United States.

In 2015 then United States President Barack Obama proclaimed the establishment of the Honouliuli National Monument.

https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2015/02/24/presidential-proclamation-establishment-honouliuli-national-monument

Cole, W. (2015, February 24). Obama signs Honouliuli monument proclamation. Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved from http://www.staradvertiser.com/2015/02/24/breaking-news/obama-signs-honouliuli-monument-proclamation/

In June 2017, a memorial service was conducted in Hawai’i for 12 Okinawnas who died in Hawai’i.

Hurley, T. (2017, May 6). Okinawa delegation seeks closure for POWs. Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved from http://www.staradvertiser.com/2017/05/16/hawaii-news/okinawa-delegation-seeks-closure-for-pows/

Okinawa Prefectural Library is going to have an event in which 3 former POWs will talk their experiences in the camp in Hawai’i. The flyer is available in PDF below.

http://www.library.pref.okinawa.jp/UserFiles/File/kyoudo/events/1217Talkevent.pdf

Okinawa Prefectural Library complied a list of resources related to Okinawan POWs in Hawai’i.

(The resources are written in Japanese.)

On October 18, 2017, Okinawa Prefectural Library had an exhibit of the Okinawa POWs. Ryukyu Asahi Hoso has a video clip in which a song PW-bushi (PW節) was being played.

ハワイ沖縄捕虜と移民の企画展

Adobe Flash required to watch the video.

University of Hawai’i news featured a publication on the Honouliuli published from the University of Hawai’i Press.

(2014, July 18). Breaking the Silence explores Honouliuli history. University of Hawai’i News. http://www.hawaii.edu/news/2014/07/18/breaking-the-silence-explores-honouliuli-history/

 

Falgout, S., &  Nishigaya, L., eds., Breaking the silence : lessons of democracy and social justice from the World War II Honouliuli internment and POW camp in Hawaiʻi. (Honolulu, Hawaiʻi : Department of Sociology, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa ; Distributed by University of HawaiʻI Press, 2014).

 

December 1, 2017

Obituary: Takejiro Higa, Nisei soldier from Oahu

Filed under: events,news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 12:00 AM

From Obituaries in Honolulu Star-Advertiser (November 26, 2017)

Takejiro Higa, “94, of Honolulu, a World War II veteran of the Military Intelligence Service and retired Internal Revenue Service Agent passed away on October 7, 2017….He was active in many civic and cultural organizations including the Jikoen Hongwanji Mission, Kita Nakagusuku Sonjin Kai, Hawaii United Okinawa Association and Hui Makaala.”

  • Memorial Service Date: Saturday, December 2, 2017
  • Time: Visitation at 10:00 AM, Service begins at 11:00AM
  • Place: Hosoi Garden Mortuary (30 N Kukui St, Honolulu, HI 96817)

For more information about Mr. Takejiro Higa and his life, please visit http://blog.hawaii.edu/okinawacollection/2017/10/09/takejiro-higa-nisei-soldier-from-oahu-passes-away/

 

 

October 9, 2017

Takejiro Higa: Nisei soldier from Oahu passes away

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 11:00 AM

The Ryukyu Shinpo announced that Mr. Takejiro Higa (比嘉武二郎), a nisei soldier from Hawai’i passed away on October 7, 2017 (Hawai’i Time). He was 94 years old.

The University of Hawai’i dedicated a site for the Nisei soldiers from Hawai’i who fought as US citizens against the Axis Powers, including Japan during the WWII.

Mr. Higa was born in Waipahu on the island of O’ahu in 1923 to Takeo and Ushi Higa. The Hawaii Nisei Project at the University of Hawai’i provides more information.

photos of Takejiro Higa and his brother

[Image source: http://cgm.smithsonianapa.org/stories/takejiro-higa.html]

Takejiro Higa: an Okinawan caught in the Battle of Okinawa by Karleen Chinen (The Hawaii Herald, July 2, 1993).

Technician Third Grade Takejiro Higa: 314th Headquarters Military Intelligence Service at The Nisei Solder: Congressional Gold Medal by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center.

Hawaii Nikkei History Editorial Board, & Tendai Education Foundation. (1998). Japanese Eyes, American Heart : Personal Reflections of Hawaii’s World War II Nisei Soldiers.

McNaughton, J., & United States. Department of the Army, issuing body. (2006). Nisei linguists : Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service during World War II.

The University of Hawai’i at Manoa Library’s Archives & Manuscripts Department has a collection on Japanese American veterans to learn more about the nisei soldiers.

https://library.manoa.hawaii.edu/departments/archives/mss/aja/

The Marines, the United States Marine Corps’ has an article of Mr. Takejiro Higa when he visited Okinawa 69 years after he saved lives from lives from the caves.

Marines. (December 16, 2014). U.S. Army, Battle of Okinawa veteran visits cave where he saved lives. Retrieved from http://www.marines.mil/News/Press-Releases/Press-Release-Display/Article/558222/us-army-battle-of-okinawa-veteran-visits-cave-where-he-saved-lives/

Interviews with Takejiro Higa at the Go For Broke National Education Center site.

June 26, 2017

Maeda Kochi in the film Hacksaw Ridge

Filed under: news — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The film titled Hacksaw Ridge (ハクソー・リッジ) has been released in Japan in June, 2017. According to IMDb, the film tells a story about a US medic named “Desmond T. Doss, who served during the Battle of Okinawa, refuses to kill people, and becomes the first man in American history to receive the Medal of Honor without firing a shot.” The place in Okinawa depicted in this film is Hacksaw Ridge, which is Maeda Kōchi (前田高地), Urasoe City, Okinawa.

Maeda Kochi in Urase City, Okinawa, shown in Google Maps

[Map source: Google Maps, https://goo.gl/maps/bfWfZXKg7sr]

Film poster titled Hacksaw Ridge

Urasoe City created a webpage which explains the Hacksaw Ridge as a place where both civilians and soldiers were killed and wounded.

map of the war victims at the Hacksaw Ridge, Urasoe City, Okinawa

The number in blue shows survivors, and the one in red is deceased.

[Image source: http://www.city.urasoe.lg.jp/docs/2017050200104/]

A newspaper The Guardian has an article on the film and the main character, Desmond Doss.

Graham-Harrison, Emma. (February 4, 2017). On the real Hacksaw Ridge, a voice is heard: beware the fake glamour of war. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/feb/05/hacksaw-ridge-okinawa-fake-glamour-of-war-mel-gibson

June 22, 2017

June 23 is irei no hi (Okinawa Memorial Day)

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 4:00 PM

June 23: Irei no hi (慰霊の日 / Memorial Day) in Okinawa

Yahoo! Japan and The Ryukyu Shimpo has created a special site to teach the viewers and readers about the Battle of Okinawa and the victims during the war.

“Okinawa-sen to, sonogo / 沖縄戦と、その後 (The Battle of Okinawa and its aftermath)” in “Mirai ni nokosu sensō no kioku / 未来に残す戦争の記憶 (memories to pass on for the future)” at Yahoo! Japan

*The site is written entirely in Japanese

The video from the site above titled: The Battle of Okinawa in 3 minutes.” (Adobe Flash required)

Image of The Battle of Okinawa from Yahoo! Japan site

 

The image of June 23, 1945, from the Yahoo! Japan's Battle of Okinawa site

The site also has other audio/visual materials on the war damage in Japan during the WWII.

https://wararchive.yahoo.co.jp/

NHK (Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai) also has a special page, dedicated to the Battle of Okinawa. The site is written entirely in Japanese.

NHK Sensō Shōgen Ākaibuzu:  tokushū Okinawa-sen kuronikuru (NHK War Archives Special: the Battle of Okinawa Chronicle = NHK 戦争アーカイブズ:特集 沖縄戦クロニクル–その時何が起こったのか–)

http://www.nhk.or.jp/archives/shogenarchives/special/okinawasen/

The Yomitan Village in Okinawa created a page dedicated to a song whose lyrics tells the survivors’ sorrow for losing his family and wish for peace.

The title of the song is Kanpōnu Kuwēnukusā / 「艦砲ぬ喰ぇー残さー(かんぽうぬくぇーぬくさー)」.

The Cornerstone of Peace in Okinawa adds 54 more victims: 15 Koreans included

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

On June 15, 2017 (JST), the Cornerstone of Peace (Heiwa no ishiji / 平和の礎) in Okinawa added 54 more victims, including 15 Koreans

The Ryukyu Simpo and The Okinawa Times reports that the Cornerstone of Peace (平和の礎) added 54 more victims, including the Koreans who were forced to fight during the Battle of Okinawa. The total number of the names inscribed on the stone is 241,468.


Image of the stone inscribed the war victims during the Battle of Okinawa

[Image source: http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/-/102721]

The Okinawa Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum explains (in Japanese) what the history of building the cornerstone of peace here.

UH Manoa Library’s related resource:

Title: U.S. military bases in Okinawa : a message from the land of courtesy = Okinawa to kichi.
Publisher: Naha : Military Base Affairs Office, Okinawa Prefectural Government, 1994.
Description: 15 pages : color illustrations ; 27 cm.
Subjects: Military bases, American–Japan–Okinawa-ken.
Military bases, American.
Japan–Okinawa-ken.
Other Name(s):
Okinawa-ken (Japan)
沖縄県 (Japan)
Notes: “The cornerstone of peace/Heiwa no Ishi-ji” [1 p.] tipped in.
In English.

June 13, 2017

Web Histreet: Okinawa City Postwar Data Digital Archive

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, launched a website called Web Histreet, Okinawa City’s Postwar Data Digital Archive.

Top page of the Okinawa City's Web Histreet

“After the end of World War II, Okinawa City created an extremely unique culture, while being supported by various kinds of energy derived from military bases and coming in contact with different cultures. This website is a digital archive titled “Web Histreet”. Okinawa City has collected various postwar materials and displayed them at its postwar cultural history materials museum “Histreet.” “Web Histreet” has been created so that many people will be able to browse these materials over the Internet.”

[Source: https://www.histreet.okinawa.jp/histreet/FAA10/init?locale=en_US]

The site provide us with rich information on Koza (コザ) and the history of Okinawa City after the WWII and the US occupation.

Here is a newspaper article on the Web Histreet.

Establishment of Web Histreet: search postwar Okinawa history articles via a website

T&CT, & Ashimine, Chelsea, trans. Establishment of Web Histreet: search postwar Okinawa history articles via a website. (2017, April 12). The Ryukyu Shimpo. Retrieved from http://english.ryukyushimpo.jp/2017/04/18/26779/

The original article in Japanese can be found here.

June 12, 2017

Masahide Ota, former Okinawa governor and noted historian, dies at age 92

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 1:00 PM

Masahide Ota, former Okinawa governor and noted historian, dies at age 92

On June 12, 2017 (JST), a former Okinawa governor and scholar, Masahide Ōta (大田昌秀) passed away at the age of 92.

An image of the Okinawa Times extra

“Former Okinawa Gov. Masahide Ota, a noted historian and survivor of the Battle of Okinawa, died Monday of pneumonia and respiratory failure at a hospital in Naha, his office said,” The Japan Times wrote, “He had turned 92 the same day.”

[Source: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/06/12/national/politics-diplomacy/masahide-ota-former-okinawa-governor-noted-historian-dies-age-92/]

Professor Ota has a strong tie to the University of Hawai’i. According to the article titled “‘The World is beginning to know Okinawa’: Ota Masahide Reflects on his Life from the Battle of Okinawa to the Struggle for Okinawa,” Prof. Ota “has taught at the East-West Center, University of Hawaii (1973).”

Ota, Masahide & Norimatsu, Satoko. (September 20, 2010). “‘The World is beginning to know Okinawa”: Ota Masahide Reflects on his Life from the Battle of Okinawa to the Struggle for Okinawa.” The Asia Pacific Journal | Japan Focus, Vol. 8, Issue 38, Number 4.

The Okinawa International Peace Research Institute in Okinawa, Japan, which Prof. Ota was the President, has a list of Prof. Ota’s writings.

A photo of Prof. Masahide Ota of the Okinawa Internatioanl Peace Research Institute

May 15, 2017

The 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion to Japan

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

May 15, 2017 marks the 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion to Japan

A newspaper article from the Ryukyu Shimpo [written in Japanese] discusses the economic aspects (economic growth) after the reversion in 1972.

English version of the commentary is here: “Okinawa public opinion poll on the 45th anniversary of the Okinawa Reversion Agreement focused on bases, casts shadow on Okinawans” (published on May 9, 2017, Japan Standard Time).

Graph of economic ebbs in Okinawa An image of major historical events in Okinaw after the reversion to Japan in 1972

[Image source: http://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-495575.html]

Resources:

[books]

Okinawa reversion treaty : hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-second Congress, first session, on Ex. J. 92-1, the agreement between the United States of American and Japan concerning the Ryukyu Islands and the Daito Islands : October 27, 28, and 29, 1971.

Okinawa reversion / edited by Chihiro Hosoya (1977)

The Takazawa Collection = Takazawa Bunko = 高沢文庫 (par of Japan Special Collection; appointment required for accessing the Collection)

Summary/Abstract:
“From Kōji Takazawa’s personal library. Contains a large collection of primary and secondary materials on Japanese social movements of the 1960’s through early 1990’s, primarily those connected to the New Left social movement. Primary materials deal with the American military presence in Japan, Japanese response to the Vietnam war, student and citizens’ environmental movements, minority rights, peace and labor, anti-emperor movements, movements against airport construction and land appropriations, prison reform and anti-death penalty movements; the reversion of Okinawa, Japanese policy in North and South Korea; …”

[articles]

Title: “Okinawa: Reversion to Japan and Future Prospects”
Author: Makota Takizawa
Title of the Journal: Asian Survey
Vol. 11, No. 5 (May, 1971), pp. 496-505
Published by: University of California Press
DOI: 10.2307/2642984
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2642984

“Remembering the Battle of Okinawa : the Reversion Movement” / Shinji Kojima in Uchinaanchu diaspora : memories, continuities and constructions / Joyce N. Chinen, guest editor.

The image of book cover titled Okinawan Diaspora

News article on the discrimination people in and from the Amami Islands experienced when the Amami Islands were returned to Japan on December 15, 1953.

[newspaper articles]

「日本復帰あす45年 奄美出身、苦難の歴史 米統治下、『非琉球』で差別」(琉球新報、2017年5月14日)[Roughly translated, “Tomorrow mars the 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion: A history of oppression and discrimination as ‘non-Ryukyuans,”experienced by the people in the Amami Islands” ; the article is written in Japanese only]

「きょう沖縄復帰45年 基地の過重負担いまだ」(沖縄タイムス、沖縄タイムス 5/15[/2017])

A photo of the signage made of stone for the Okinawa Prefectural Government after its reversion to Japan in 1972[Image source: http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/gallery/97446?ph=1]

【沖縄復帰45年】依然、米軍専用施設の70%が集中 本島の15%占める(沖縄タイムス 5/15[/2017])

Two images showing the locations of the United States military bases in Okinawa; one in 1972, and the other is 2017[Image source: http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/gallery/97464?ph=1]

Okinawa Times writes that they created the maps above, based on the information collected from the Okinawa Prefectural Government.

[websites]

「沖縄から伝えたい。米軍基地の話。Q&A Book」– A site created by the Okinawa Prefectural Government (written in Japanese only)

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