July 23, 2018

Jane Serikaku Passes Away

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Ms. Jane Serikaku, former Hawaii United Okinawa Association’s (HUOA) Director, passed away on July 6, 2018. She was 79 years old.

Jane Serikaku former HUOA Director

HUOA announced Jane’s passing as follows:

Jane Fujie Serikaku, executive director of the Hawaii United Okinawa Association
(HUOA) and retired educator, passed away peacefully on July 6, 2018, surrounded by close family and friends. She was 79 years old. A longtime leader in the Okinawan community, Serikaku was the HUOA’s first female president in 1993-1994. She was born on Maui, attended Maui High School and the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa where she graduated with a degree in education and also obtained a master’s degree in educational administration. Serikaku received the prestigious Milken Educator Award in 1998 while principal at Iliahi Elementary School for her exemplary work in collaborating with teachers, parents, and students and also establishing a free preschool. She retired after 30 years as an educator and was appointed the executive director of the HUOA in 2006. Always a staunch supporter of education, she believed that the future of HUOA is dependent upon the youth and helped coordinate the Hawaii-Okinawa High School Student Exchange program for over 25 years. She also initiated the HUOA Leadership Study Tour giving young Okinawans from Hawaii an opportunity to visit their ancestral homeland and learn about Okinawan culture. Serikaku was a second generation (Nisei) Okinawan with ancestral ties to Nakagusuku Village. She was designated as a new “Uchina Goodwill Ambassador” by the Okinawa Prefectural Government in 2006.

The Okinawa Times also published an obituary of Ms. Jane Serikaku.

「勢理客ジェーンさん死去/79歳 ハワイ連合会元会長」、沖縄タイムス、2018年7月8日。/ July 8, 2018, “Jane Serikaku, Former Hawaii United Okinawan Association Director, Dies at the age 79,” The Okinawa Times. (in Japanese)

[大弦小弦]目尻を下げた満面の笑みが脳裏に焼き付いている…」、沖縄タイムス、2018年7月14日。/  July 14, 2018, “Jane’s smiles are burnt in my mind,” The Okinawa Times (in Japanese).

Service will be held on Thursday, August 9, 2018, at the Hawaii Okinawa Center.
Visitation begins at 4:00 p.m. with a memorial service at 6:00 p.m. (Hawaii Time)

For more information about the memorial service, please contact Hawaii Okinawa Center at (808) 676-5400 or email to info@huoa.org.

 

June 1, 2018

Japanese Film about Senaga Kamejirō

Filed under: news,resources,Uncategorized — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

A film titled “The man the United States feared most: Kamejirō” was released in Japan.

Title (rough translation): The Man the United States Feared the Most: (Senaga) Kamejirō” [= 米軍(アメリカ)が最も恐れた男:その名は、カメジロー」

The film’s Official Site: http://www.kamejiro.ayapro.ne.jp/

The site explains the life and beliefs of Senaga (瀬長) Kamejirō (亀次郎), who was born in 1907 in Tomigusuku, Okinawa and died in 2001. An article titled “Achieving Reversion: Protest and Authority in Okinawa, 1952-70” by Christopher Aldous (2003) explains why the US Government feared Kamejiō. Aldous writes,

The 1950s were a decade of harsh military rule in Okinawa, a period in which an embryonic reversion movement was quickly suppressed, when villages were levelled by bulldozers to make way for US military facilities, and, most revealingly, when a democratically elected mayor, Senaga Kamejiro, with radical left-wing credentials, was forced out of office by the American authorities. In short, it was a time of political polarization, caused above all by arbitrary, oppressive military rule.

Christopher Aldous, “Achieving Reversion: Protest and Authority in Okinawa, 1952-70,” Modern Asian Studies 37, no. 2 (May 2003): 485-508, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X03002099. (To access the article, you need to have a UH ID and password).

The film is currently available only in Japan.

April 15, 2018

KZOO Radio Show

Filed under: events,news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 8:30 PM

In the afternoon of Sunday, April 15, 2018, a local, Hawaii radio, KZOO (1210 kHz), Prof. Yuma Totani, one of the Library Treasures Initiative organizers at the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa (UHM), Prof. Masato Ishida, Director of the Center for Okinawan Studies (COS) at UHM, and the Okinawa Studies Librarian as its guests.

COS and Treasures Library Initiative and Okinawa Collection

 

KZOO

The talk and questions surrounded the UHM Library’s April 25 event titled Hawley and Sakamaki: The Founding of UHM Ryukyuan Studies. Prof. Totani explained how the Colloquium Series started, informed the listeners what the Library Treasures Initiative aimed to achieve by hosting colloquia, and whether or not the colloquia have been open to the community.

Some of the past colloquia can be accessed from the UH Mānoa Library’s “News” section.

COS Director, Prof. Ishida, added a special guest speaker for the April 25 event. Prof. Manabu Yokoyama has been working on Frank Hawley, a British journalist who built a personal collection with Ryukyuan materials. His collection included other than Ryukyus, but UHM Library’s Hawley Collection consists of Hawley’s Ryukyuan resources. Dr. Shunzō Sakamaki, who was President of UH Summer School at the time, purchased the Hawley’s Ryukyu collection and brought it to Hawai’i. The readers can learn more about the purchase and the role that Okinawan community in Hawai’i played in great detail here.

The details of the April 25 Colloquium can be found here.

Registration is not required. 

April 10, 2018

Event Update: special speaker for Treasures at UH Hamilton Library colloquium series

Filed under: events,news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 11:00 AM

Update for April 25, 2018 event. Date & Time remain the same as previously announced. 

Prof. Manabu Yokoyama, the author of Shomotsu ni miserareta Eikoku-jin: Furanku Hōrē to Nihon bunka (『書物に魅せられた英国人: フランク・ホーレーと日本文化』) [= An Englishman’s enchantment with books: Frank Hawley and Japanese culture] (2003), will join us as an expert commentator.

Hawley and Sakamaki

The Library’s Asia Collection is home to world-renowned Sakamaki/Hawley Collection that contains over 5,000 items, the bulk of which being Ryūkyū and Okinawa source materials dating back to the 1400s to the 1960s, written in various European languages, Chinese, Japanese, and “Uchināguchi,” the Ryukyuan language. This collection became an integral part of the UHM library treasures thanks to Frank Hawley (1906-1961), an English journalist and an avid book collector with personal ties with Japan, and Dr. Shunzō Sakamaki (1906-1973), a professor of history at UHM and the “father of Ryukyuan Studies” at UHM.

This colloquium will explore afresh the genesis and the breadth of this collection to promote its use by our students and faculty as well as researchers beyond the UHM community. Sachiko Iwabuchi, Okinawa Studies Librarian, will showcase unique items from the collection. Moreover, Professor Manabu Yokoyama, the author of Shomotsu ni miserareta Eikoku-jin: Furanku Hōrē to Nihon bunka [An Englishman’s enchantment with books: Frank Hawley and Japanese culture] (2003), will join us as an expert commentator, and share with us his professional insights into the significance of this collection. Professor Yokoyama is a research fellow at the Ryusaku Tsunoda Center for Japanese Culture, Research Institute for Letters and Sciences, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.

March 9, 2018

MIS Talk and Presentation Event held at Hamilton Library

Filed under: news — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 3:00 PM

On March 7, 2018, Dr. Shinye Gima and Mr. Mark Matsunaga made separate presentations under the event titled “The Pacific War as seen by the Nisei soldiers of the Military Intelligence Service: (a) the Battle of Okinawa: a personal account & (b) the context.

The event started with a warm welcome by Prof. Masato Ishida at the  University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, who is also Director of the Center for Okinawan Studies (COS). Dr. Gima’s personal account of his experiences as a Nisei Military Intelligence Service (MIS) soldier followed. Dr. Gima, who was born in 1925 in Ewa, O‘ahu, but grew up in Maui, fought as a Nisei soldier with an American Japanese Ancestry (AJA) during the Pacific War. His brother, Noboru, who was born in Hawai‘i was in Okinawa when the war broke out. He was forced to fight against the Allied Forces as a member of Tekketsu kinnōtai (鉄血勤皇隊 = “Iron and Blood Troops of Loyal Followers of the Japanese Emperor”).

(Above Dr. Shinye Gima)

Mr. Mark Matsunaga

(Above Mr. Mark Matsunaga)

MIS event

(Fron the Right to Left: Professor Masato Ishida, COS Director; Dr. Shinye Gima; Mr. Albert Katsuyama; Mr. Mark Matsunaga; Sachiko Iwabuchi, Okinawa Studies Librarian)

MIS Related Resources [selected] (Citation in APA style)

  • Swift, David W. (2008). First class: Nisei linguists in World War II: origins of the Military Intelligence Service Language Program. San Francisco, Calif. : National Japanese American Historical Society.
  • McNaughton, James C. (2006). Nisei linguists: Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service during World War II. Washington, DC: Department of the Army.
  • The University of Colorado at Boulder’s US Navy Japanese/Oriental Language School Archival Project (JSLP) http://lib-ebook.colorado.edu/sca/archives/interpreters.htm

March 5, 2018

Ms. Etsuko Teruyama’s Passing

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Professor Manabu Yokoyama (横山學), a Frank Hawley scholar, notes that Ms. Etsuko Teruyama (照山越子) passed away on October 18th, 2017 (JST). Prof. Yokoyama published an article about Ms. Teruyama and her relationship with late Frank Hawley as a secretary.

Nippon Kosho Tsushin

Yokoyama M. (February 2018). Teruyama Etsuko-san no koto (= About Etsuko Teruyama / 照山越子さんのこと). Kosho Tsūshin, 1063, 6-7.

横山學、「照山越子さんのこと」『日本古書通信』、1063号(2018年2月号)、6-7頁。

Prof. Yokoyama and Ms. Teruyama translated letters written by Jessica Hawley–Frank Hawley’s mother–and published them as an article titled “Furanku Hōrē haha (Jeshika) no shokan” (= “Letters by Jessica Hawley, the mother of Frank Hawley” / 「フランク・ホーレーの母(ジェシカ)の書簡」) in 2006.

照山越子・横山學共訳、「フランク・ホーレーの母(ジェシカ)の書簡」『生活文化研究所年報』第19輯(平成18年)、93-152頁。

Related resources

  • Yokoyama, M. (2017-). Furanku Hōrē kyūzō “Hōrei bunko” shiryō shūsei. Tokyo: Yumani Shobo.
  • Yokoyama, M. (2003).  Shomotsu ni miserareta Eikokujin : Furanku Hōrē to Nihon bunka. Tokyo: Yoshikawa Kobunkan, Heisei 15 (2003).

January 5, 2018

The number of tourists in Okinawa continue to grow: record high in November 2017

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa Prefectural Government (沖縄県文化観光スポーツ部) released the data of the number of foreign and domestic tourists to Okinawa in November 2017.

The statistics shows the increase/decrease from the previous year (2016), and the nationalities for the foreign tourists. All data is written in Japanese.

Number of foreign tourists in Okinawa

[Source: http://www.pref.okinawa.jp/site/bunka-sports/kankoseisaku/kikaku/statistics/tourists/documents/h29-11gaikyou.pdf]

(n.s.) (2017 December 22). Ryukyu Shimpo “Okinawa kankō ga zekkōchō, nen 900-mannin toppa e: 11-gatsu jiten de zennengoe” [「沖縄観光が絶好調、年900万人突破へ 11月時点で前年超え」].

Meanwhile, Nansei Shoto Industrial Advancement Center (一般財団法人南西地域産業活性化センター) released new data on population increase in Okinawa Prefecture. Their data state that more and more foreigners live in Okinawa.

Nansei shoto [sic] Industrial Advancement Center. (December 2017 20). “Zōkasuru kennai no zairyū gaikokujin ni tsuite (「増加する県内の在留外国人について」).” Okinawa Keizai Review, No. 4.

Foreign residents by country in Okinawa

[Figure source: https://niac.or.jp/topix/keizaireview04.pdf]

This report says the largest increase was made by the residents from Nepal (in straight blue line).

(n.s.) (2017 December 21). Okinawa Times. 「人口増加率全国トップの沖縄、その4割が外国人: 中国・ベトナム人が著しい伸び」.

UHM Library has some resources on tourism in Okinawa.

December 10, 2017

US Department of the Interior starts investigation on Okinawan POWs sent to Hawai’i

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

On December 8, 2017 (Japan Time) Ryukyu Shimpo reported that the United States Department of the Interior decided to interview seven former Okinawan POWs (prisoners of war) who were sent to Hawai’i after 1945.

(n.s.) 2017, December 8. “Moto Hawai horyo o Amerika Kokumusho ga chōsa / 元ハワイ捕虜を米内務省が調査 きょうから沖縄県内7人 = US Department of the Interior begins interviewing former Okinawan POWs sent to Hawai’i.” Ryukyu Shimpo. Retrieved from https://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-626937.html

Honouliuli Natioanl Monument

[Image source: https://www.nps.gov/hono/index.htm]

Those Okinawan POWs were sent to the Honouliuli internment camp, which is now certified as a national historic site in the United States.

In 2015 then United States President Barack Obama proclaimed the establishment of the Honouliuli National Monument.

https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2015/02/24/presidential-proclamation-establishment-honouliuli-national-monument

Cole, W. (2015, February 24). Obama signs Honouliuli monument proclamation. Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved from http://www.staradvertiser.com/2015/02/24/breaking-news/obama-signs-honouliuli-monument-proclamation/

In June 2017, a memorial service was conducted in Hawai’i for 12 Okinawnas who died in Hawai’i.

Hurley, T. (2017, May 6). Okinawa delegation seeks closure for POWs. Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved from http://www.staradvertiser.com/2017/05/16/hawaii-news/okinawa-delegation-seeks-closure-for-pows/

Okinawa Prefectural Library is going to have an event in which 3 former POWs will talk their experiences in the camp in Hawai’i. The flyer is available in PDF below.

http://www.library.pref.okinawa.jp/UserFiles/File/kyoudo/events/1217Talkevent.pdf

Okinawa Prefectural Library complied a list of resources related to Okinawan POWs in Hawai’i.

(The resources are written in Japanese.)

On October 18, 2017, Okinawa Prefectural Library had an exhibit of the Okinawa POWs. Ryukyu Asahi Hoso has a video clip in which a song PW-bushi (PW節) was being played.

ハワイ沖縄捕虜と移民の企画展

Adobe Flash required to watch the video.

University of Hawai’i news featured a publication on the Honouliuli published from the University of Hawai’i Press.

(2014, July 18). Breaking the Silence explores Honouliuli history. University of Hawai’i News. http://www.hawaii.edu/news/2014/07/18/breaking-the-silence-explores-honouliuli-history/

 

Falgout, S., &  Nishigaya, L., eds., Breaking the silence : lessons of democracy and social justice from the World War II Honouliuli internment and POW camp in Hawaiʻi. (Honolulu, Hawaiʻi : Department of Sociology, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa ; Distributed by University of HawaiʻI Press, 2014).

 

December 1, 2017

Obituary: Takejiro Higa, Nisei soldier from Oahu

Filed under: events,news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 12:00 AM

From Obituaries in Honolulu Star-Advertiser (November 26, 2017)

Takejiro Higa, “94, of Honolulu, a World War II veteran of the Military Intelligence Service and retired Internal Revenue Service Agent passed away on October 7, 2017….He was active in many civic and cultural organizations including the Jikoen Hongwanji Mission, Kita Nakagusuku Sonjin Kai, Hawaii United Okinawa Association and Hui Makaala.”

  • Memorial Service Date: Saturday, December 2, 2017
  • Time: Visitation at 10:00 AM, Service begins at 11:00AM
  • Place: Hosoi Garden Mortuary (30 N Kukui St, Honolulu, HI 96817)

For more information about Mr. Takejiro Higa and his life, please visit http://blog.hawaii.edu/okinawacollection/2017/10/09/takejiro-higa-nisei-soldier-from-oahu-passes-away/

 

 

October 9, 2017

Takejiro Higa: Nisei soldier from Oahu passes away

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 11:00 AM

The Ryukyu Shinpo announced that Mr. Takejiro Higa (比嘉武二郎), a nisei soldier from Hawai’i passed away on October 7, 2017 (Hawai’i Time). He was 94 years old.

The University of Hawai’i dedicated a site for the Nisei soldiers from Hawai’i who fought as US citizens against the Axis Powers, including Japan during the WWII.

Mr. Higa was born in Waipahu on the island of O’ahu in 1923 to Takeo and Ushi Higa. The Hawaii Nisei Project at the University of Hawai’i provides more information.

photos of Takejiro Higa and his brother

[Image source: http://cgm.smithsonianapa.org/stories/takejiro-higa.html]

Takejiro Higa: an Okinawan caught in the Battle of Okinawa by Karleen Chinen (The Hawaii Herald, July 2, 1993).

Technician Third Grade Takejiro Higa: 314th Headquarters Military Intelligence Service at The Nisei Solder: Congressional Gold Medal by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center.

Hawaii Nikkei History Editorial Board, & Tendai Education Foundation. (1998). Japanese Eyes, American Heart : Personal Reflections of Hawaii’s World War II Nisei Soldiers.

McNaughton, J., & United States. Department of the Army, issuing body. (2006). Nisei linguists : Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service during World War II.

The University of Hawai’i at Manoa Library’s Archives & Manuscripts Department has a collection on Japanese American veterans to learn more about the nisei soldiers.

https://library.manoa.hawaii.edu/departments/archives/mss/aja/

The Marines, the United States Marine Corps’ has an article of Mr. Takejiro Higa when he visited Okinawa 69 years after he saved lives from lives from the caves.

Marines. (December 16, 2014). U.S. Army, Battle of Okinawa veteran visits cave where he saved lives. Retrieved from http://www.marines.mil/News/Press-Releases/Press-Release-Display/Article/558222/us-army-battle-of-okinawa-veteran-visits-cave-where-he-saved-lives/

Interviews with Takejiro Higa at the Go For Broke National Education Center site.

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