August 23, 2017

Public Lecture by Prof. Mamoru Akamine on August 30, 2017

Filed under: events — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Center for Okinawan Studies and the University of Manoa Library are pleased to announce a public lecture by Professor Mamoru Akamine of the University of the Ryukyus on Wednesday, August 30, 2017 in the Auditorium at the Center for Korean Studies (on the UH Manoa Campus).

Flyer of Professor Akamine's public lecture

  • DATE: Wednesday, August 30, 3 PM
  • LOCATION: Center for Korean Studies Auditorium

UHM Library has both a print version (a book) and an eBook version of the book.

The Ryukyu Kingdom : cornerstone of East Asia / Mamoru Akamine ; translated by Lina Terrell and edited by Robert Huey.

Note: eBook is available only for those who have a UH user ID. 


June 13, 2017

Web Histreet: Okinawa City Postwar Data Digital Archive

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, launched a website called Web Histreet, Okinawa City’s Postwar Data Digital Archive.

Top page of the Okinawa City's Web Histreet

“After the end of World War II, Okinawa City created an extremely unique culture, while being supported by various kinds of energy derived from military bases and coming in contact with different cultures. This website is a digital archive titled “Web Histreet”. Okinawa City has collected various postwar materials and displayed them at its postwar cultural history materials museum “Histreet.” “Web Histreet” has been created so that many people will be able to browse these materials over the Internet.”


The site provide us with rich information on Koza (コザ) and the history of Okinawa City after the WWII and the US occupation.

Here is a newspaper article on the Web Histreet.

Establishment of Web Histreet: search postwar Okinawa history articles via a website

T&CT, & Ashimine, Chelsea, trans. Establishment of Web Histreet: search postwar Okinawa history articles via a website. (2017, April 12). The Ryukyu Shimpo. Retrieved from

The original article in Japanese can be found here.

June 1, 2017

New Acquisitions: Anime Himeyuri (DVD) and a Guidebook

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The UH Mānoa Library received a gift of a DVD (animation) titled Himeyuri and the Guidebook from the Himeyuri Peace Museum in Itoman City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan

The Okinawa Collection at the University of Hawai‘i Mānoa Library is pleased to announce that it received a gift of the following items from the Himeyuri Peace Museum in Itoman City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

  • DVD titled Himeyuri (animation with English subtitles)
  • Himeyuri Peace Museum: the guidebook (English)


Image of the front cover of the DVD titled Anime Himeyuri

What is Himeyuri?

[Excerpt from the Himeyuri Peace Museum’s site]

“In April 1945 (Showa 20), when the Second World War was almost coming to a close, a fierce battle was being unleashed on Okinawa, with U.S. forces landing on the island. Male and female students at 21 secondary schools in Okinawa at the time were mobilized for the war effort and sent to the battlefield. The female students were between the ages of 15 and 19 and mainly worked as nurses in places such as the Army Field Hospital. The male students were from 14 to 19 years of age, and the upper-grade students were organized into so-called “Blood and Iron Loyalist Student Corps” (in charge of transportation of supplies, repair of bridges, etc.), while the lower-grade students were formed into the “Signal Corps” (in charge of repair of electric cables, distribution of telegraphs, etc.).”


Pictures of the Himeyuri Butai

These donated materials will be available for checkout once they are processed.

May 15, 2017

The 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion to Japan

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

May 15, 2017 marks the 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion to Japan

A newspaper article from the Ryukyu Shimpo [written in Japanese] discusses the economic aspects (economic growth) after the reversion in 1972.

English version of the commentary is here: “Okinawa public opinion poll on the 45th anniversary of the Okinawa Reversion Agreement focused on bases, casts shadow on Okinawans” (published on May 9, 2017, Japan Standard Time).

Graph of economic ebbs in Okinawa An image of major historical events in Okinaw after the reversion to Japan in 1972

[Image source:]



Okinawa reversion treaty : hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-second Congress, first session, on Ex. J. 92-1, the agreement between the United States of American and Japan concerning the Ryukyu Islands and the Daito Islands : October 27, 28, and 29, 1971.

Okinawa reversion / edited by Chihiro Hosoya (1977)

The Takazawa Collection = Takazawa Bunko = 高沢文庫 (par of Japan Special Collection; appointment required for accessing the Collection)

“From Kōji Takazawa’s personal library. Contains a large collection of primary and secondary materials on Japanese social movements of the 1960’s through early 1990’s, primarily those connected to the New Left social movement. Primary materials deal with the American military presence in Japan, Japanese response to the Vietnam war, student and citizens’ environmental movements, minority rights, peace and labor, anti-emperor movements, movements against airport construction and land appropriations, prison reform and anti-death penalty movements; the reversion of Okinawa, Japanese policy in North and South Korea; …”


Title: “Okinawa: Reversion to Japan and Future Prospects”
Author: Makota Takizawa
Title of the Journal: Asian Survey
Vol. 11, No. 5 (May, 1971), pp. 496-505
Published by: University of California Press
DOI: 10.2307/2642984
Stable URL:

“Remembering the Battle of Okinawa : the Reversion Movement” / Shinji Kojima in Uchinaanchu diaspora : memories, continuities and constructions / Joyce N. Chinen, guest editor.

The image of book cover titled Okinawan Diaspora

News article on the discrimination people in and from the Amami Islands experienced when the Amami Islands were returned to Japan on December 15, 1953.

[newspaper articles]

「日本復帰あす45年 奄美出身、苦難の歴史 米統治下、『非琉球』で差別」(琉球新報、2017年5月14日)[Roughly translated, “Tomorrow mars the 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion: A history of oppression and discrimination as ‘non-Ryukyuans,”experienced by the people in the Amami Islands” ; the article is written in Japanese only]

「きょう沖縄復帰45年 基地の過重負担いまだ」(沖縄タイムス、沖縄タイムス 5/15[/2017])

A photo of the signage made of stone for the Okinawa Prefectural Government after its reversion to Japan in 1972[Image source:]

【沖縄復帰45年】依然、米軍専用施設の70%が集中 本島の15%占める(沖縄タイムス 5/15[/2017])

Two images showing the locations of the United States military bases in Okinawa; one in 1972, and the other is 2017[Image source:]

Okinawa Times writes that they created the maps above, based on the information collected from the Okinawa Prefectural Government.


「沖縄から伝えたい。米軍基地の話。Q&A Book」– A site created by the Okinawa Prefectural Government (written in Japanese only)

May 10, 2017

Library of Congress added digitized newspaper articles on the Japanese Internment Camps

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

“Journalism, Behind Barbed Wire,” a weblog written by 

The blog post announces that more than 4,600 items from the newspapers, published in the 13 internment camps. The Library of Congress digitized them.



[Source: Current Awareness Portal by the National Diet Library of Japan, published on May 9, 2017 (JST)]

Image of a newspaper published by the Japanese Americans in the Internment Camp

Click the image above to visit the larger image with meta data (with an option to download the image).

On the related topic, the above Current Awareness Portal includes its older weblog post on digitization of Japanese American Internment camp documents.

CSUDH [California State University, Dominguez Hills] Receives National Parks Service Grant to Lead Digitization of Japanese American Internment Documents


There is an online resource page to learn Japanese & Japanese Americans in Hawi’i at the University of Hawai at Mānoa Library.

Internment of Japanese & Japanese Americans in Hawaii: Home

The University Archives & Manuscripts Department in the UH Mānoa Library has a Japanese American Veterans Collection.

Digital Resources Chaplain Higuchi Wartime Correspondence

May 8, 2017

Skills and Knowledge to Understand Komonjo

Filed under: resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 2:00 PM

Skills and Knowledge of Understanding Komonjo / 古文書, Archives and Old Documents

The University of the Ryukyus Library’s Okinawa Collection [琉球大学沖縄資料室] offers a monthly column called “Kijimun’s Monologue.” Some of the column’s back number has English version in addition to the Japanese version.

Last month’s column was about the characters used in komonjo / 古文書 (ancient documents).

Image of Kijimun's Monologue, April 2017


“Among Komonjo of Ryukyu, the most beautiful character was used in Omorosōshi (an anthology of ancient songs for religious service in Ryukyu. Completed in 1531.) This is the record of prayers which Kikoe ōkimi (the chief priestess) and Noro (priestess) gave.”



The Japan Studies Librarian at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa organized a workshop in February 2017. Some of the presentations made during the workshop are related to the characters used in komonjo.

NIJL Workshop at UH Mānoa, February 2017

Introduction to kuzushiji (cursive Japanse calligraphy): As an example of “Fuji no Hitoana” owned by the Honolulu Museum of Art by Prof. Tomoko Koida of National Institute of Japanese Literature [NIJL] (恋田知子、国文学研究所教授).

UH Mānoa Library has some dictionaries and learning materials on kuzushiji [cursive Japanese].

<How to Find These Resources>
  1. Go to the UH Mānoa Library’s Online Catalog, Voyager [].
  2. Search the catalog with a keyword, “kuzushiji.” (no quotation marks)

March 21, 2017

Free Public Screening of the film Okinawa: The afterburnin the island of Kaua’i

Filed under: events — Tags: , , , — okinawacollection @ 12:00 PM

Okinawa: The afterbun by Director John Junkerman comes to Hawai’i

Saturday, April 8, 2017, John Junkerman, aOscar-nominated filmmaker, comes to Hawai’i to show his film, Okinawa: The afterburn. The film depicts the Battle of Okinawa, the conditions of postwar Okinawa under the US government, and the life after Okinawa’s reversion to Japan.

Here is the details of the film screening in Kaua’i.

  • Date: Saturday, April 8, 2017
  • Time: 7 pm – 10 pm
  • Location: Keālia Farm Market (across from north end of Keālia Beach, Kapa’a)
  • Language: English 
  • Admissions Fee: FREE

Flyer of Okinawa: The afterburn film screening in Kaua'i

Below is the list of the past screenings in the mainland US.

Base Dependency and Okinawa’s Prospects: Behind the Myths: a conversation with Maedomari Hiromori, Professor of Economics and Environmental Policy at Okinawa International University with John Junkerman, Film Director. The Asia-Pacific Journal, November 15, 2016 (Volume 15, Issue 22).

PDF is available here.

About the Director, John Junkerman:

“John Junkerman is an American documentary filmmaker, living in Tokyo. His first film, “Hellfire: A Journey from Hiroshima,” was a portrait of Japanese atomic-bomb artists Maruki Iri and Toshi. Coproduced with John W. Dower, the film was nominated for an Academy Award and won the Grand Prize at the San Francisco International Film Festival. This was followed by a Siglo production, “Uminchu: The Old Man and the East China Sea,” which portrayed the life of an 81 year-old marlin fisherman on a small Okinawan island. Junkerman directed the Emmy award-winning “Dream Window: Reflections on the Japanese Garden,” produced by the Smithsonian. He also produced and directed “The Mississippi: River of Song,” a four-part Smithsonian series for PBS about American roots music along the Mississippi, broadcast in 1999.”


February 23, 2017

26 Ryukyuan skeletons found at Kyoto University

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Removed during the early Showa Era, 26 Ryukyuan skeletons found at Kyoto University

February 16, 2017 Ryukyu Shimpo

By Takahiro Miyagi

The Japanese news article is available here.

The Ryukyu Shimpo published an article about the skeletons, which were excavated at the Mumujana (百按司) Grave in Unten of Nakijin Village (今帰仁村、運天) in the early Showa era, had been kept at Kyoto University.

Google Maps showing the location of Nakijin-son

[Image source:]

The article refers to the Ainu people’s skeletons housed at Hokkaido University. The families of the deceased were able to get the remains back.

UH Mānoa Library has some materials related to Nakijin-son.

February 6, 2017

African American History Month – February

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

February is African American History Month

Feb is African American History Month. Read how Library of Congress is involved and find events at #blacklivesmatter

— UH Manoa Library (@UHMLibrary) February 1, 2017

Some might find the book below relevant and interesting.

A newspaper article from Asahi Shinbun (published on May 15, 2016, JST), Morning Edition, p. 29 (4 areas in Tokyo)

An image of a flyer that was distributed in Koza City, Okinawa, Japan in 1971.

The headline reads, “‘Solidarity with Okinawans,’African-Americans Call for Solidarity.”

The flyer was distributed in Koza City, Okinawa Prefecture, in January 1971.

To read the full article (only in Japanese) in the database, follow the steps below (UHM ID required):

  1. Go to
  2. Search “asahi shinbun” in the search box (case insensitive)
  3. Choose Asahi Shinbun

February 3, 2017

Allegiance (film) – Musical about the Japanese Americans during the WWII

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The musical, Allegiance, based on George Takei’s internment camp experience, comes to Honolulu on February 19, 2017.

  • Date: February 19, 2017 (The Day of Remembrance for Japanese Americans)
  • Show Time: 12:55 PM (2.5 hours)
  • Location: Regal Dole Cannery Stadium 18 IMAX & RPX
    (735 B Iwilei Road Honolulu, HI 96817)
  • Rating: PG

“Their loyalty was questioned, their freedom taken away, but their spirit could never be broken. Rejoice in one family’s triumphant story of hope, love, and forgiveness in the new Broadway musical: Allegiance.

Inspired by true events, Allegiance is the story of the Kimura family, whose lives are upended when they and 120,000 other Japanese-Americans are forced to leave their homes following the events of Pearl Harbor. Sam Kimura seeks to prove his patriotism by fighting for his country in the war, but his sister, Kei, fiercely protests the government’s treatment of her people. An uplifting testament to the power of the human spirit, Allegiance follows the Kimuras as they fight between duty and defiance, custom and change, family bonds and forbidden loves.” []

The Center for Okinawan Studies (COS) at UH Mānoa has a few paragraphs describing the conditions that Okinawan-Hawaiians faced during the WWII.

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