August 1, 2018

Film: Okinawa 1965

Filed under: resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

A Japanese film titled Okinawa 1965 was released in 2017. The homepage of the film describes that there are 3 keywords for this documentary: (1) the march for the reversion of Okinawa to Japan, (2) Awagon Shōkō’s (阿波根昌鴻) non-violent peace movement, (3) a former US Marine Allen Nelson’s “Okinawa doesn’t need US bases.”

*Caveat: The trailer on the above site has some disturbing image of a young girl killed by the military vehicle.  

Closed caption is available in Japanese by clicking CC on the landing page.

Todori, Shin’ya, & Todori Takuya; Sano Tōru, ed. (2018). Okinawa 1965. (Tokyo: Nanatsumori Shokan).

Book Cover of Okinawa 1965

Image source: http://www.pen.co.jp/book/b358261.html

Related resources:

June 1, 2018

Japanese Film about Senaga Kamejirō

Filed under: news,resources,Uncategorized — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

A film titled “The man the United States feared most: Kamejirō” was released in Japan.

Title (rough translation): The Man the United States Feared the Most: (Senaga) Kamejirō” [= 米軍(アメリカ)が最も恐れた男:その名は、カメジロー」

The film’s Official Site: http://www.kamejiro.ayapro.ne.jp/

The site explains the life and beliefs of Senaga (瀬長) Kamejirō (亀次郎), who was born in 1907 in Tomigusuku, Okinawa and died in 2001. An article titled “Achieving Reversion: Protest and Authority in Okinawa, 1952-70” by Christopher Aldous (2003) explains why the US Government feared Kamejiō. Aldous writes,

The 1950s were a decade of harsh military rule in Okinawa, a period in which an embryonic reversion movement was quickly suppressed, when villages were levelled by bulldozers to make way for US military facilities, and, most revealingly, when a democratically elected mayor, Senaga Kamejiro, with radical left-wing credentials, was forced out of office by the American authorities. In short, it was a time of political polarization, caused above all by arbitrary, oppressive military rule.

Christopher Aldous, “Achieving Reversion: Protest and Authority in Okinawa, 1952-70,” Modern Asian Studies 37, no. 2 (May 2003): 485-508, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X03002099. (To access the article, you need to have a UH ID and password).

The film is currently available only in Japan.

December 21, 2017

New Resource: Koza riot as seen by the U.S.

Filed under: resources — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa Collection recently acquired a book titled Beikoku ga mita Koza bōdō : Beikoku kobunsho Ei-Wa taiyaku (= Koza riot as seen by the U.S. : U.S. official document side by side in English and Japanese (1999).

Front cover of Koza riot as seen by the U.S.

コザ騒動(コザ事件)from 日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ)

「1970年(昭和45)12月20日、コザ市(現沖縄県沖縄市)で発生した沖縄住民による反米焼き打ち事件。コザ騒動ともいう。事件は、基地の街コザで起こった交通事故に端を発し、米軍憲兵の住民無視の事故処理と威嚇発砲に市民の怒りが爆発、約5000人の群集が米軍車両75台を焼き打ち、武装出動した憲兵隊約300人に投石、多数の負傷者を出した。同事件は、人権無視の米軍支配に対する沖縄住民の不満の爆発として受け取られ、沖縄返還協定の交渉中であった日米両政府に大きな衝撃を与えた」。

Ueunten, W. I. (2010). Rising Up from a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in U.S.-Occupied Okinawa. In Enloe C. (Author) & Shigematsu S. & Camacho K. (Eds.), Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific (pp. 91-124). University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.ctttv7q0.10

“I [Wesley Iwao Ueunten] came across an account of a riot that occurred in Okinawa on December 20, 1970, that made its way to the front page of many major American newspapers but then suddenly disappeared from news coverage the next day. In the aftermath of the “Koza Riot,” or what I choose to call the “Koza Uprising” because it was not merely a chaotic and mindless fracas (a point about which I will address later; see Figure 5.1), over seventy cars owned by Americans and a few buildings on the huge Kadena Air Force Base, for which the town of Koza served as an entertainment district, were burned by Okinawans. No such violent protest by Okinawans toward U.S. military occupation can be remembered before or since then.”

[Militarized Currents : Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific, edited by Setsu Shigematsu, and Keith L. Camacho, University of Minnesota Press, 2010. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uhm/detail.action?docID=548047.
Created from uhm on 2017-12-20 17:06:04.]

(n.s.) (2003 March 1). “Koza hanbei sodo / コザ反米騒動” in Ryukyu Shimpo.

November 14, 2017

Film Screening: Ikusaba nu Tudumi (We Shall Overcome)

Filed under: events — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Center for Okinawan Studies at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa is going to have a free film screening, directed by Chie Mikami (三上智恵). The film is titled Ikusaba nu tudumi (=We shall overcome) / 戦場ぬ止み <いくさばぬとぅどぅみ>, 2015).

Film ikusaba nu tudumi

  • Date: Sunday, December 3. 2017
  • Time: 1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
  • Location: Center for Korean Studies
  • This event is free, and open to the public.

Parking is free on the UH Mānoa campus on Sundays.

After the film, Dr. Joyce Chinen will lead a discussion about the film.

Director Chie Mikami made another film titled Hyōteki no mura (標的の村 = Targeted Village, 2013).

UH Mānoa Library has a book written by Director Chie Mikami about the film making and what she hopes for Takae and Henoko areas. The book is written in Japanese.

Ikusaba nu tudumi : Henoko, Takae kara no inori / 戦場ぬ止み : 辺野古・高江からの祈り /

The publisher Ōtsuki Shoten has a site where some of the pages are available to read.

October 2, 2017

Okinawa and Its Agony: from a former judge’s perspective

Filed under: events — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Center for Okinawan Studies (COS) Lecture Series presents “Okinawa and Its Agony: From a Former Judge’s Perspective.”

Okinawa and its agony lecture

  • Speaker: Prof. Hiroshi Segi
  • Date: October 6, 2017
  • Time: 3:00 PM – 4:30 PM
  • Location: Moore Hall 319 (Tokioka Room)

Event is free and open to the public.

For more information, please contact COS at 808-956-5754 or email to cos@hawaii.edu.

September 11, 2017

“Women’s Voices, Women Speak”- Public Lecture

Filed under: events — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM
The Center for Okinawan Studies (COS) invites you to the lecture, “Women’s Voices, Women Speak: Okinawa, Hawaii and Demilitarization,” on Friday, Sept. 22 at 3pm in Moore Hall 319 (Tokioka Room).
  • Friday, Sept. 22, 2017 at 3pm-
  • Moore Hall 319 (Tokioka Room)
COS public lecture September 22, 2017
About the Event:

“In June 2017, members of the O’ahu-based grassroots organization Women’s Voices, Women Speak attended the International Women’s Network Against Militarism Conference in Naha, Okinawa. Hosted by the group Okinawan Women Against Military Violence, we visited many contested sites (Camp Schwab, Henoko/Oura Bay) and public memorial sites, for Irei no Hi (Lives lost in the Battle of Okinawa) and Rina Shimabukuro (raped and murdered by a former US Marine in 2016). In this presentation we will share some of our reflections on colonial violence and women-led healing.”

Speakers:
Aiko Yamashiro, Hawaii-Okinawa Alliance
Ellen-Rae Cachola, PhD in Information Science
Kim Compoc, PhD in English
Kasha Ho, Emergent Island Economies Collective
Respondent:
Mari Matsuda, UHM Law Professor
Co-sponsors: English Department, Ethnic Studies Department, Women’s Studies Department, Center for Biographical Research, and Oceania Rising.
Event is free and open to the public.
For more information, please contact COS (808-956-5754) or cos@hawaii.edu

May 15, 2017

The 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion to Japan

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

May 15, 2017 marks the 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion to Japan

A newspaper article from the Ryukyu Shimpo [written in Japanese] discusses the economic aspects (economic growth) after the reversion in 1972.

English version of the commentary is here: “Okinawa public opinion poll on the 45th anniversary of the Okinawa Reversion Agreement focused on bases, casts shadow on Okinawans” (published on May 9, 2017, Japan Standard Time).

Graph of economic ebbs in Okinawa An image of major historical events in Okinaw after the reversion to Japan in 1972

[Image source: http://ryukyushimpo.jp/news/entry-495575.html]

Resources:

[books]

Okinawa reversion treaty : hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-second Congress, first session, on Ex. J. 92-1, the agreement between the United States of American and Japan concerning the Ryukyu Islands and the Daito Islands : October 27, 28, and 29, 1971.

Okinawa reversion / edited by Chihiro Hosoya (1977)

The Takazawa Collection = Takazawa Bunko = 高沢文庫 (par of Japan Special Collection; appointment required for accessing the Collection)

Summary/Abstract:
“From Kōji Takazawa’s personal library. Contains a large collection of primary and secondary materials on Japanese social movements of the 1960’s through early 1990’s, primarily those connected to the New Left social movement. Primary materials deal with the American military presence in Japan, Japanese response to the Vietnam war, student and citizens’ environmental movements, minority rights, peace and labor, anti-emperor movements, movements against airport construction and land appropriations, prison reform and anti-death penalty movements; the reversion of Okinawa, Japanese policy in North and South Korea; …”

[articles]

Title: “Okinawa: Reversion to Japan and Future Prospects”
Author: Makota Takizawa
Title of the Journal: Asian Survey
Vol. 11, No. 5 (May, 1971), pp. 496-505
Published by: University of California Press
DOI: 10.2307/2642984
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2642984

“Remembering the Battle of Okinawa : the Reversion Movement” / Shinji Kojima in Uchinaanchu diaspora : memories, continuities and constructions / Joyce N. Chinen, guest editor.

The image of book cover titled Okinawan Diaspora

News article on the discrimination people in and from the Amami Islands experienced when the Amami Islands were returned to Japan on December 15, 1953.

[newspaper articles]

「日本復帰あす45年 奄美出身、苦難の歴史 米統治下、『非琉球』で差別」(琉球新報、2017年5月14日)[Roughly translated, “Tomorrow mars the 45th Anniversary of Okinawa’s Reversion: A history of oppression and discrimination as ‘non-Ryukyuans,”experienced by the people in the Amami Islands” ; the article is written in Japanese only]

「きょう沖縄復帰45年 基地の過重負担いまだ」(沖縄タイムス、沖縄タイムス 5/15[/2017])

A photo of the signage made of stone for the Okinawa Prefectural Government after its reversion to Japan in 1972[Image source: http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/gallery/97446?ph=1]

【沖縄復帰45年】依然、米軍専用施設の70%が集中 本島の15%占める(沖縄タイムス 5/15[/2017])

Two images showing the locations of the United States military bases in Okinawa; one in 1972, and the other is 2017[Image source: http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/gallery/97464?ph=1]

Okinawa Times writes that they created the maps above, based on the information collected from the Okinawa Prefectural Government.

[websites]

「沖縄から伝えたい。米軍基地の話。Q&A Book」– A site created by the Okinawa Prefectural Government (written in Japanese only)

March 28, 2017

Okinawa: The afterburn Public Film Screening at UH Manoa

Filed under: events — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 8:45 AM

Mark Your Calendar! Okinawa: The afterburn (Urizun no ame / うりずんの雨) comes to the UH Mānoa Campus on Sunday, April 9, 2017

The Center for Okinawan Studies, Ethnic Studies Program, Pacific –Asian Legal Studies Program, & William S. Richardson School of Law (all at the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa) are pleased to present the public film screening of “Okinawa: The afterburn,” with the Director, John Junkerman.

  • Date: Sunday, April 9, 2017
  • Time: 1 – 4 PM (English version of film screening, followed by the discussion with Director, John Junkerman)
    • The film’s running time is approximately 2 hours.
  • Location: Shidler College of Business*, Room A-101 (The building has a sign, “TOWER A [2404 Maile Way, Honolulu, HI 96822]
  • Film Language: English
  • Admission: Free
  • Parking: Free on Sundays on campus

ADA parking map on UH Manoa Campus

Click the map above to see a larger map.  A101 classroom is on C1 on the map above.

  • Contact: The Center for Okinawan Studies at 808-956-5754 or cos@hawaii.edu.

DVDs

For those who cannot attend the screening, both Japanese and English versions of the film are available at the Sinclair Library to watch at your own convenience.  The UH Mānoa community members are welcome to check DVDs out. Please read the procedures to check out here. (22. Wong Audiovisual Center).

  • Okinawa urizun no ame / kantoku Jan [sic] Yunkāman = Okinawa: the afterburn (沖縄うりずんの雨 / 監督 ジャン[sic]·ユンカーマン = Okinawa: the afterburn)
  • Okinawa : the afterburn / a film by John Junkerman. (English version)

An Interview with Director by Jon Letman about film screening in Hawai’i

“Okinawa Documentary Portrays The Legacy Of War” (published on April 5, 2017)

What does “Urizun / うりずん” mean? 

According to the film’s official site, “Urizun no Ame,” meaning, “the rains of early spring.” The film’s Japanese version of the site explains, “「うりずん」とは潤い初め(うるおいぞめ)が語源とされ、冬が終わって大地が潤い、草木が芽吹く3月頃から、沖縄が梅雨に入る5月くらいまでの時期を指す言葉.” Roughly translating, “Urizun is believed to originate from the word, “starting to moisten.” After the winter, the land becomes moistened, and the buds come out on the trees. In Okinawa, ‘urizun” is a period between March and May till the rainy season arrives.”

The progress of the Battle of Okinawa [Source: Okinawa Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum]

For more information, please read the older blog post here.

Larger flyer in PDF is available here: 2017 – COS Lecture (John Junkerman)

March 21, 2017

Free Public Screening of the film Okinawa: The afterburnin the island of Kaua’i

Filed under: events — Tags: , , , — okinawacollection @ 12:00 PM

Okinawa: The afterbun by Director John Junkerman comes to Hawai’i

Saturday, April 8, 2017, John Junkerman, aOscar-nominated filmmaker, comes to Hawai’i to show his film, Okinawa: The afterburn. The film depicts the Battle of Okinawa, the conditions of postwar Okinawa under the US government, and the life after Okinawa’s reversion to Japan.

Here is the details of the film screening in Kaua’i.

  • Date: Saturday, April 8, 2017
  • Time: 7 pm – 10 pm
  • Location: Keālia Farm Market (across from north end of Keālia Beach, Kapa’a)
  • Language: English 
  • Admissions Fee: FREE

Flyer of Okinawa: The afterburn film screening in Kaua'i

Below is the list of the past screenings in the mainland US.

Base Dependency and Okinawa’s Prospects: Behind the Myths: a conversation with Maedomari Hiromori, Professor of Economics and Environmental Policy at Okinawa International University with John Junkerman, Film Director. The Asia-Pacific Journal, November 15, 2016 (Volume 15, Issue 22).

PDF is available here.

About the Director, John Junkerman:

“John Junkerman is an American documentary filmmaker, living in Tokyo. His first film, “Hellfire: A Journey from Hiroshima,” was a portrait of Japanese atomic-bomb artists Maruki Iri and Toshi. Coproduced with John W. Dower, the film was nominated for an Academy Award and won the Grand Prize at the San Francisco International Film Festival. This was followed by a Siglo production, “Uminchu: The Old Man and the East China Sea,” which portrayed the life of an 81 year-old marlin fisherman on a small Okinawan island. Junkerman directed the Emmy award-winning “Dream Window: Reflections on the Japanese Garden,” produced by the Smithsonian. He also produced and directed “The Mississippi: River of Song,” a four-part Smithsonian series for PBS about American roots music along the Mississippi, broadcast in 1999.”

Source: http://www.cine.co.jp/chomsky9.11/eng/director.html

March 1, 2017

Tatsuhiro Oshiro’s Cocktail Party was made into a film

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Tatsuhiro Ōshiro’s novel titled Cocktail party (カクテル パーティー = Kakuteru pāti) was made into a film by Director Regge Life. 

Director Regge Life writes, Cocktail party “depicts the underrepresented perspectives of the Okinawan people as it provides insight into a situation of military deployment that has lasted nearly 70 years. If we can understand the complicated human relationships that have developed in Okinawa, we may be provided with a blueprint for future relations between Americans, military and civilian, and the people who live where the United States operates permanent military bases.”

https://www.cocktailpartythemovie.com/

The original novel is available at the UH Mānoa Library:

  • Title: Kakuteru pātī / Ōshiro Tatsuhiro. (カクテル パーティー / 大城 立裕.)
  • Author: Ōshiro, Tatsuhiro, /  (大城 立裕,)
  • Publisher: Tōkyō : Bungei Shunjū, 1967. ( 東京 : 文藝 春秋, 1967.)

A related books on his novel is Okinawa: two postwar novellas, available at the UHM Library.

The author, Mr. Tatsuhiro Ōshiro, visited the UH campus in 2011.

The Cocktail Party, a play by Oshiro Tatsuhiro

 

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