October 16, 2017

UH-Chubu Hospital 50th Anniversary Event

Filed under: events — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 1:00 PM

The University of Hawai’i-Chubu Hospital in Okinawa’s 50th Anniversary Event will be held on Sunday, November 5, 2017 at the Center for Korean Studies.

COS UH-Chubu 50th anniversary event

“This year marks the 50th anniversary of UH’s collaboration with Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital. To enhance the workforce of physicians in Okinawa, UH was recruited at the request of the U.S. Army and State Department to introduce a U.S. style postgraduate clinical training program. As a result of the collaboration, the program has helped train hundreds of physicians for the islands of Okinawa and neighboring archipelagos of Miyako and Yaeyama Islands. Please join us for this anniversary to commemorate one of UH’s longest and most productive international collaborations.” (from the event announcement)

  • Date: Sunday, November 5, 2017
  • Time: 1:00PM-2:45PM (FORMAL PROGRAM); 2:45PM-3:30 PM (RECEPTION)
  • Location: Center for Korean Studies at the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa
  • Event is free and open to public
  • Parking is free on Sunday on campus

Many articles are written on this collaboration between the UH and the Okinawa Chubu Hospital. One of them is written by Masao Maeshiro, MD, Satoru Izutsu, Ph.D., and Kathleen Kihmm Connolly, Ph.D., titled “A History of the University of Hawai‘i Postgraduate Medical Education Program at Okinawa Chubu Hospital, 1966–2012.” (2014).

Maeshiro, M., Izutsu, S., & Connolly, K. (2014). Medical school hotline: A History of the University of Hawai’i Postgraduate Medical Education Program at Okinawa Chubu Hospital, 1966-2012. Hawai’i Journal of Medicine & Public Health : A Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health, 73(6), 191-194.

Please contact the Center for Okinawan Studies (COS) at 808-956-5754 or email COS at cos[at]hawaii.edu (replace [at] with @) for more information and disability accommodation.

July 3, 2017

Okinawa 1935: photos before the Battle of Okinawa

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Okinawa 1935: a collaborative website between Asahi Shinbun and The Okinawa Times

Okinawa 1935 (沖縄1935: 写真でよみがえる戦前) is a website collaborated by the two newspaper companies in Japan–Asahi Shinbun and The Okinawa Times.

The site offers a glimpse of people’s lives in Koja, Naha, Itoman, and Kudakashima with the photos taken in 1935–before the Battle of Okinawa. The photographs on the site are available for purchase through Asahi Shinbun Photo Archive. The site also provide the readers with the related newspaper articles.

Top page of a website titled Okinawa 1935

Newspaper articles from Okinawa 1935

 

June 26, 2017

Maeda Kochi in the film Hacksaw Ridge

Filed under: news — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The film titled Hacksaw Ridge (ハクソー・リッジ) has been released in Japan in June, 2017. According to IMDb, the film tells a story about a US medic named “Desmond T. Doss, who served during the Battle of Okinawa, refuses to kill people, and becomes the first man in American history to receive the Medal of Honor without firing a shot.” The place in Okinawa depicted in this film is Hacksaw Ridge, which is Maeda Kōchi (前田高地), Urasoe City, Okinawa.

Maeda Kochi in Urase City, Okinawa, shown in Google Maps

[Map source: Google Maps, https://goo.gl/maps/bfWfZXKg7sr]

Film poster titled Hacksaw Ridge

Urasoe City created a webpage which explains the Hacksaw Ridge as a place where both civilians and soldiers were killed and wounded.

map of the war victims at the Hacksaw Ridge, Urasoe City, Okinawa

The number in blue shows survivors, and the one in red is deceased.

[Image source: http://www.city.urasoe.lg.jp/docs/2017050200104/]

A newspaper The Guardian has an article on the film and the main character, Desmond Doss.

Graham-Harrison, Emma. (February 4, 2017). On the real Hacksaw Ridge, a voice is heard: beware the fake glamour of war. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/feb/05/hacksaw-ridge-okinawa-fake-glamour-of-war-mel-gibson

June 22, 2017

June 23 is irei no hi (Okinawa Memorial Day)

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 4:00 PM

June 23: Irei no hi (慰霊の日 / Memorial Day) in Okinawa

Yahoo! Japan and The Ryukyu Shimpo has created a special site to teach the viewers and readers about the Battle of Okinawa and the victims during the war.

“Okinawa-sen to, sonogo / 沖縄戦と、その後 (The Battle of Okinawa and its aftermath)” in “Mirai ni nokosu sensō no kioku / 未来に残す戦争の記憶 (memories to pass on for the future)” at Yahoo! Japan

*The site is written entirely in Japanese

The video from the site above titled: The Battle of Okinawa in 3 minutes.” (Adobe Flash required)

Image of The Battle of Okinawa from Yahoo! Japan site

 

The image of June 23, 1945, from the Yahoo! Japan's Battle of Okinawa site

The site also has other audio/visual materials on the war damage in Japan during the WWII.

https://wararchive.yahoo.co.jp/

NHK (Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai) also has a special page, dedicated to the Battle of Okinawa. The site is written entirely in Japanese.

NHK Sensō Shōgen Ākaibuzu:  tokushū Okinawa-sen kuronikuru (NHK War Archives Special: the Battle of Okinawa Chronicle = NHK 戦争アーカイブズ:特集 沖縄戦クロニクル–その時何が起こったのか–)

http://www.nhk.or.jp/archives/shogenarchives/special/okinawasen/

The Yomitan Village in Okinawa created a page dedicated to a song whose lyrics tells the survivors’ sorrow for losing his family and wish for peace.

The title of the song is Kanpōnu Kuwēnukusā / 「艦砲ぬ喰ぇー残さー(かんぽうぬくぇーぬくさー)」.

The Cornerstone of Peace in Okinawa adds 54 more victims: 15 Koreans included

Filed under: news — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

On June 15, 2017 (JST), the Cornerstone of Peace (Heiwa no ishiji / 平和の礎) in Okinawa added 54 more victims, including 15 Koreans

The Ryukyu Simpo and The Okinawa Times reports that the Cornerstone of Peace (平和の礎) added 54 more victims, including the Koreans who were forced to fight during the Battle of Okinawa. The total number of the names inscribed on the stone is 241,468.


Image of the stone inscribed the war victims during the Battle of Okinawa

[Image source: http://www.okinawatimes.co.jp/articles/-/102721]

The Okinawa Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum explains (in Japanese) what the history of building the cornerstone of peace here.

UH Manoa Library’s related resource:

Title: U.S. military bases in Okinawa : a message from the land of courtesy = Okinawa to kichi.
Publisher: Naha : Military Base Affairs Office, Okinawa Prefectural Government, 1994.
Description: 15 pages : color illustrations ; 27 cm.
Subjects: Military bases, American–Japan–Okinawa-ken.
Military bases, American.
Japan–Okinawa-ken.
Other Name(s):
Okinawa-ken (Japan)
沖縄県 (Japan)
Notes: “The cornerstone of peace/Heiwa no Ishi-ji” [1 p.] tipped in.
In English.

June 19, 2017

Battle of Okinawa website by NHK

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

Nippoin Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK, Japan Broadcasting Corporation) has created an online exhibit of The Battle of Okinawa: since 1945.3.20-1945.6.23.

http://www.nhk.or.jp/war-okinawa/en/

サイト名:沖縄戦全記録

Warning from the Site: “The images and the photographs of human bodies will be shown to tell the reality of war.”

Image of the NHK's site titled the Battle of Okinawa

The site is written in both English and Japanese. Unfortunately, GAMA 360° worked only in the Japanese version of the page.

http://www.nhk.or.jp/war-okinawa/gama/

NHK also aired a documentary titled “Compassion in the War Zone” (Senju no Chimugukuru / 戦場の真心 チムグクル:沖縄を救った日系人) on August 22, 2015.

The documentary features on the 100th Infantry Battalion veteran, Thomas “Taro” Higa who was the 2nd generation Okinawan from Hawai’i.

The Hawaii Nisei Projet at the University of Hawai’i has some information about Higa and his effort to rescue the civilians from the caves during the Battle of Okinawa.

Image of the site "The Hawai'i Nisei Story"

“Only one [other MIS man who spoke the Okinawan dialect], Taro Higa. Taro Higa is the original 100th Infantry member, he fought in Italy with the 100th. And after VE-Day, he came home to be discharged. But seeing that how civilians suffered in the European war, instead of getting discharged, he requested transfer to Okinawa. Go to Okinawa instead of getting discharged.”

June 13, 2017

Web Histreet: Okinawa City Postwar Data Digital Archive

Filed under: news,resources — Tags: , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The Okinawa City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, launched a website called Web Histreet, Okinawa City’s Postwar Data Digital Archive.

Top page of the Okinawa City's Web Histreet

“After the end of World War II, Okinawa City created an extremely unique culture, while being supported by various kinds of energy derived from military bases and coming in contact with different cultures. This website is a digital archive titled “Web Histreet”. Okinawa City has collected various postwar materials and displayed them at its postwar cultural history materials museum “Histreet.” “Web Histreet” has been created so that many people will be able to browse these materials over the Internet.”

[Source: https://www.histreet.okinawa.jp/histreet/FAA10/init?locale=en_US]

The site provide us with rich information on Koza (コザ) and the history of Okinawa City after the WWII and the US occupation.

Here is a newspaper article on the Web Histreet.

Establishment of Web Histreet: search postwar Okinawa history articles via a website

T&CT, & Ashimine, Chelsea, trans. Establishment of Web Histreet: search postwar Okinawa history articles via a website. (2017, April 12). The Ryukyu Shimpo. Retrieved from http://english.ryukyushimpo.jp/2017/04/18/26779/

The original article in Japanese can be found here.

June 12, 2017

Masahide Ota, former Okinawa governor and noted historian, dies at age 92

Filed under: news — Tags: — okinawacollection @ 1:00 PM

Masahide Ota, former Okinawa governor and noted historian, dies at age 92

On June 12, 2017 (JST), a former Okinawa governor and scholar, Masahide Ōta (大田昌秀) passed away at the age of 92.

An image of the Okinawa Times extra

“Former Okinawa Gov. Masahide Ota, a noted historian and survivor of the Battle of Okinawa, died Monday of pneumonia and respiratory failure at a hospital in Naha, his office said,” The Japan Times wrote, “He had turned 92 the same day.”

[Source: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/06/12/national/politics-diplomacy/masahide-ota-former-okinawa-governor-noted-historian-dies-age-92/]

Professor Ota has a strong tie to the University of Hawai’i. According to the article titled “‘The World is beginning to know Okinawa’: Ota Masahide Reflects on his Life from the Battle of Okinawa to the Struggle for Okinawa,” Prof. Ota “has taught at the East-West Center, University of Hawaii (1973).”

Ota, Masahide & Norimatsu, Satoko. (September 20, 2010). “‘The World is beginning to know Okinawa”: Ota Masahide Reflects on his Life from the Battle of Okinawa to the Struggle for Okinawa.” The Asia Pacific Journal | Japan Focus, Vol. 8, Issue 38, Number 4.

The Okinawa International Peace Research Institute in Okinawa, Japan, which Prof. Ota was the President, has a list of Prof. Ota’s writings.

A photo of Prof. Masahide Ota of the Okinawa Internatioanl Peace Research Institute

June 1, 2017

New Acquisitions: Anime Himeyuri (DVD) and a Guidebook

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

The UH Mānoa Library received a gift of a DVD (animation) titled Himeyuri and the Guidebook from the Himeyuri Peace Museum in Itoman City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan

The Okinawa Collection at the University of Hawai‘i Mānoa Library is pleased to announce that it received a gift of the following items from the Himeyuri Peace Museum in Itoman City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

  • DVD titled Himeyuri (animation with English subtitles)
  • Himeyuri Peace Museum: the guidebook (English)

 

Image of the front cover of the DVD titled Anime Himeyuri

What is Himeyuri?

[Excerpt from the Himeyuri Peace Museum’s site]

“In April 1945 (Showa 20), when the Second World War was almost coming to a close, a fierce battle was being unleashed on Okinawa, with U.S. forces landing on the island. Male and female students at 21 secondary schools in Okinawa at the time were mobilized for the war effort and sent to the battlefield. The female students were between the ages of 15 and 19 and mainly worked as nurses in places such as the Army Field Hospital. The male students were from 14 to 19 years of age, and the upper-grade students were organized into so-called “Blood and Iron Loyalist Student Corps” (in charge of transportation of supplies, repair of bridges, etc.), while the lower-grade students were formed into the “Signal Corps” (in charge of repair of electric cables, distribution of telegraphs, etc.).”

[Source: http://www.himeyuri.or.jp/EN/intro.html]

Pictures of the Himeyuri Butai

These donated materials will be available for checkout once they are processed.

May 10, 2017

Library of Congress added digitized newspaper articles on the Japanese Internment Camps

Filed under: resources — Tags: , , , , — okinawacollection @ 7:00 AM

“Journalism, Behind Barbed Wire,” a weblog written by 

The blog post announces that more than 4,600 items from the newspapers, published in the 13 internment camps. The Library of Congress digitized them.

[Source: https://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2017/05/journalism-behind-barbed-wire/]

「13の収容所で発行され、のちにLCがマイクロフィルム化した4,600点を超す、英語もしくは英語・日本語併記の新聞がデジタル化されています」。

[Source: Current Awareness Portal by the National Diet Library of Japan, published on May 9, 2017 (JST)]

Image of a newspaper published by the Japanese Americans in the Internment Camp

Click the image above to visit the larger image with meta data (with an option to download the image).

On the related topic, the above Current Awareness Portal includes its older weblog post on digitization of Japanese American Internment camp documents.

CSUDH [California State University, Dominguez Hills] Receives National Parks Service Grant to Lead Digitization of Japanese American Internment Documents

[http://www.csudhnews.com/2015/06/japanese-american-archives/]

There is an online resource page to learn Japanese & Japanese Americans in Hawi’i at the University of Hawai at Mānoa Library.

Internment of Japanese & Japanese Americans in Hawaii: Home

The University Archives & Manuscripts Department in the UH Mānoa Library has a Japanese American Veterans Collection.

Digital Resources Chaplain Higuchi Wartime Correspondence

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