As part of the diplomacy leading up to the restoration of sovereignty in Hawaiʻi in 1843, a number of important historic legal documents needed to be carefully crafted, edited, and translated. These documents included, for example, the Declaration of Rear Admiral Thomas, the Articles agreed in conference between Kauikeaouli and Rear Admiral Thomas, and “He Olelo Lokomaikai” which was issued by Kauikeaouli and Kekāuluohi. Below is a copy of the first few paragraphs from a draft of “He Olelo Lokomaikai.”
On July 31, 1843, Rear Admiral Richard Thomas of the British Navy ended five months of occupation in Hawaiʻi. As part of the festivities, a restoration anthem was penned to commemorate the momentous occasion. Please find below transcriptions for the Restoration Anthem in both ʻŌlelo and English:
For those of you who have been following Punawaiola’s recent series of blawg postings, we have been highlighting collections that commemorate Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea, or Sovereignty Restoration Day. On July 31, 2018, we will be celebrating the 175th anniversary of this day.
Thomas Square, the location for a new 12-foot statue depicting Kauikeaouli in “royal regalia with an outward arm gesturing towards a flag,” will be unveiled on July 31. To read more about the festivities related to this event, please go to these two websites: http://lahoihoiea.org/ and https://bit.ly/2LX3cJC.
July 29, 1843: Letter from Peirce & Brewer to Kauikeaouli
The following letter offers congratulations to King Kauikeaouli on his restoration of rights following five months of British occupation in the islands. Peirce & Brewer later became known as C. Brewer & Co., Ltd.–a well known company from the territorial period associated with agriculture.
Iulai 26, 1843: Letter from Kekūanāoʻa to Rear Admiral Richard Thomas
On July 31, 2018, we will be celebrating the 175th anniversary of Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea, Sovereignty Restoration Day. The following correspondence documents the initial meetings leading up to this momentous occasion.
The first letter, which was translated from English into Hawaiian by G.P. Judd, was authored by Rear Admiral Thomas. The response to this letter was authored by Kekūanāoʻa. Transcriptions for both letters are below.
July 21-23, 1849: Regarding Sovereignty Restoration Day
On July 21, 1849, a circular was disseminated to various diplomats and dignitaries to celebrate the sixth anniversary of Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (Sovereignty Restoration Day). The circular stated in part, “Tuesday the 31st instant will be kept, as a National Holiday, in celebration of the Sixth Anniversary of the Restoration of these Islands . . . .” The circular directed readers to the notice published in the Polynesian for further “particulars.”
Below are a few of the responses from various consulates in the Kingdom, including Chile, France, Hamburg, Bremen, Peru, and Denmark. The circular and the diplomatic responses are available in the Foreign Office and Executive Collection here.
On July 22, 1863, the King of Italy and the King of Hawaiʻi entered into a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation. Below are the signatures and seals of the Plenipotentiaries for Hawaiʻi and Italy. An English transcription follows.
Below is a letter from Kealoha Kaikuahine to Chief Justice A.F. Judd. The letter requests advice in regards to a previous case that had been heard by the district court in North Kohala. The matter, which involved a “horse dispute” was referred to the Attorney General. Below is an excerpt from this rather lengthy letter:
On July 20, 1864, the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi entered into a treaty of friendship and commerce with the Swiss Confederation. Below are two pages from the treaty. A transcription for the French column is provided below by Brittanie Nery:
et de commerce
Sa majesté le Roi Hawaiien
la Confédération Suisse.
Sa majesté le Roi Hawaiien
la Confédération Suisse
En foi de quoi
les plénipotentiaires respectifs
ont signé le Traité et y ont
apposé leurs sceaux
Ainsi fais par duplicata
à Berne le vingtième jour
de juillet mille huit cent
Le Plénipotentiaire Hawaiien:
/s/ JOHN BOWRING
Le Plénipotentiaire Suisse:
/s/ Col. F. FREY FLEROSEE
July 18, 1870: A Law for Carrying “Fowling Pieces” (and other firearms)
The following law was passed on July 18, 1870 for the protection of kolea (and other helpful birds). The indiscriminate use of firearms had resulted in over-hunting. In turn, this was harmful to Hawaiʻi’s agricultural and pastoral industries because these birds consumed pests. Because the previous 1859 law was largely ineffective, this law specified that a license was necessary to use and carry firearms for sporting purposes. The cost of that license was $5.00.