July 22, 1863: Treaty with Italy
On July 22, 1863, the King of Italy and the King of Hawaiʻi entered into a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation. Below are the signatures and seals of the Plenipotentiaries for Hawaiʻi and Italy. An English transcription follows.
If a year before the expiration of this term neither of the contracting parties shall have announced, by an official declaration its intention of terminating it, the Treaty shall still remain in force for a year, and so continue from year to year.
The present treaty shall be ratified and the ratification exchanged at Paris within the space of a year and a half or earlier if may be.
In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same and thereto affixed their seals.
Done in duplicata at Paris, the 22d of July, 1863
John Bowring /s/
Constantino Nigra /s/