Novemaba 16: Kuʻikahi me Beretānia (Māhele 3)

November 16, 1836: Treaty with Britain (Māhele 3)

As described in a previous blog posting, Commander Edward Russell of the H.M.S. Actaeon secured an agreement at gunpoint which permitted British residents to settle on land obtained with the king’s consent. The Hawaiian and English versions of this controversial treaty were provided in previous blog postings (Māhele 1 and Māhele 2). In the record provided below, it lists the names of those who witnessed the treaty between the Hawaiian and British governments. A transcription follows.

Available in Foreign Office & Executive: Chronological File, 1790 – 1849 1836 Nov n.d. 7, 16.

Ua lohe makou i ka ae ana a ke Kanikele ame ka Haku i kekahi manao maloko oka olelo hoolike e ko Hawaii nei a me ko Belikania ma ka pauku A. ona olelo hoolike la maka la 16. Nove 16 i ka M. 1836.

/s/ [kolamu 1]
Keoni ana
Keliiahonui
Paki Konia
Kaeo
David Malo
Keoni Lui
Kauka Jada
Kemalani
[kolamu 2]
Kinimaka
Aikanaka
Mauliawa
Kanaina
Kekauluohi
Kaahumanu 2
Kauukualii
Malie Pili
Hoapili Wahine
Hoapili Kane