August 14, 1843: Regarding the Appointment of Elia as Head Policeman
Below is an official letter authored by Kekūanāoʻa regarding his appointment of Elia Kuhia as “Luna kaiko” for “Honolulu uka.” Elia, along with his deputy police officers, were authorized to arrest those who violated laws. As such, all law breakers–aliʻi, kānaka, or foreigner–were subject to arrest by Elia and his subordinates. A transcription of this letter is below.
August 8, 1839: Letter from J. Dudoit to Kauikeaouli
In the following letter from Jules Dudoit to Kauikeaouli, he raises some questions regarding the Laplace Treaty (to read more about this incident, please see this blog entry). Dudoit was the appointed consular agent for France. He was later conferred the title of Knight of the Legion of Honor, “one of the most coveted distinctions in the power of Napoleon to confer.” (Pacific Commercial Advertiser, July 28, 1866).
August 5, 1839: Instructions from Kauikeaouli and Kekāuluohi to Keaweamahi
In this letter dated August 5, 1839, certain instructions are directed to Emiri Keaweamahi, interim governor of Kauaʻi. The letter provides a fascinating look at governance, and the King’s concern that some makaʻāinana were being oppressed and mistreated. In the first paragraph, he and Kekāuluohi state that a father of three children should not be permitted to work on kōʻele labor days, and that he should cultivate for the children. The letter further instructs on the proper treatment of those who are weak and blind. The letter’s instructions provide in no uncertain terms the necessity of reading the laws. Below is a short excerpt from the two page letter, followed by a transcription.
Honolulu, Augate 5. 1839
Auhea oe e Emiri Keaweamahi, ke hoole aku nei au, a me ke Alii nui, i ka hele ana ona makua kane i a kolu keiki i na la koele o ke Alii, a me kona konohiki, aole lakou e hele i ka hana ia mau la; e mahiai oia na na keiki a laua, mai keakea wale aku ia mau makua, pelaaku ahiki i ka nui loa o na keiki, e like me ke kanawai.
Eia kekahi, o ka hele ana o ka poe nawaliwali, a me ka maka po i ua mau la koela la, a me ka hemo ana o ko lakou aina i keia manawa, a me ka hookaumaha wale aku i ka poe i manao e mahiai makahi i mahi oleia mamua; mai keakea wale ia lakou, o ka helehelu pinepine ole kekahi i ke kanawai o na konohiki, a me . . . .
As part of the diplomacy leading up to the restoration of sovereignty in Hawaiʻi in 1843, a number of important historic legal documents needed to be carefully crafted, edited, and translated. These documents included, for example, the Declaration of Rear Admiral Thomas, the Articles agreed in conference between Kauikeaouli and Rear Admiral Thomas, and “He Olelo Lokomaikai” which was issued by Kauikeaouli and Kekāuluohi. Below is a copy of the first few paragraphs from a draft of “He Olelo Lokomaikai.”
On July 31, 1843, Rear Admiral Richard Thomas of the British Navy ended five months of occupation in Hawaiʻi. As part of the festivities, a restoration anthem was penned to commemorate the momentous occasion. Please find below transcriptions for the Restoration Anthem in both ʻŌlelo and English:
For those of you who have been following Punawaiola’s recent series of blawg postings, we have been highlighting collections that commemorate Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea, or Sovereignty Restoration Day. On July 31, 2018, we will be celebrating the 175th anniversary of this day.
Thomas Square, the location for a new 12-foot statue depicting Kauikeaouli in “royal regalia with an outward arm gesturing towards a flag,” will be unveiled on July 31. To read more about the festivities related to this event, please go to these two websites: http://lahoihoiea.org/ and https://bit.ly/2LX3cJC.
July 29, 1843: Letter from Peirce & Brewer to Kauikeaouli
The following letter offers congratulations to King Kauikeaouli on his restoration of rights following five months of British occupation in the islands. Peirce & Brewer later became known as C. Brewer & Co., Ltd.–a well known company from the territorial period associated with agriculture.
Iulai 26, 1843: Letter from Kekūanāoʻa to Rear Admiral Richard Thomas
On July 31, 2018, we will be celebrating the 175th anniversary of Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea, Sovereignty Restoration Day. The following correspondence documents the initial meetings leading up to this momentous occasion.
The first letter, which was translated from English into Hawaiian by G.P. Judd, was authored by Rear Admiral Thomas. The response to this letter was authored by Kekūanāoʻa. Transcriptions for both letters are below.
July 21-23, 1849: Regarding Sovereignty Restoration Day
On July 21, 1849, a circular was disseminated to various diplomats and dignitaries to celebrate the sixth anniversary of Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (Sovereignty Restoration Day). The circular stated in part, “Tuesday the 31st instant will be kept, as a National Holiday, in celebration of the Sixth Anniversary of the Restoration of these Islands . . . .” The circular directed readers to the notice published in the Polynesian for further “particulars.”
Below are a few of the responses from various consulates in the Kingdom, including Chile, France, Hamburg, Bremen, Peru, and Denmark. The circular and the diplomatic responses are available in the Foreign Office and Executive Collection here.
In 1824, King Liholiho and Queen Kamāmalu journeyed to London to negotiate an alliance with England. Almost the entire royal party developed measles within weeks of arrival. On July 14, 1824, King Liholiho, aged 27, succumbed to complications related to measles. Queen Kamāmalu, who was only 22, had died just a few days prior on July 8.
Below is the Report of Physicians, issued by Doctors Henry Holland and Hugh Ley. The sad report indicates that King Liholiho changed “materially for the worse” after the death of his beloved wife.