Kepakemapa 24: D. Kalauokalani – Māhele 1

September 24, 1897: David Kalauokalani – Part 1

David Kalauokalani, as described below in an article published in The San Francisco Call, was the President of the Hawaiian Political Association.  In this article, he endorses a statement issued by James Keauiluna Kaulia which reads:

I honestly assert from an intimate knowledge of the Hawaiian people that they, men and women, as a race and nation, are emphatically opposed to the annexation of Hawaii to the United States of America or to any other nation. We love our independence too dearly.

“Hawaiians Emphatically Opposed to Annexation,” The San Francisco Call (Sept. 24, 1897), pg. 2.

Kalauokalani had been the president of Hui Kālaiʻāina, and Kaulia the president of Hui Aloha ʻĀina. In 1900, the two groups joined together as a political party called the Independent Home Rule Party. Noenoe K. Silva, Aloha Betrayed: Native Hawaiian Resistance to American Colonialism 161 (2004). For nearly ten years, Kalauokalani served as their President. See “Kalauokalani No More Leads Home Rulers,” Hawaiian Gazette (Sept. 26, 1905), pg. 1.

Prior to Kalauokalani’s leadership in the Home Rule party, he was a district court judge. In the next blog entry, we examine this in more detail.

Kepakemapa 13: Palapala Pili Pono no nā Kānaka ʻŌiwi Honua

September 13, 2007: Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

On September 13, 2007, the U.N. General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. G.A. Res. 61/295, U.N. Doc. A/RES/61/295 (Sept. 13, 2007). After years of advocacy, the right of self-determination was finally extended to indigenous peoples.  At the time, four states voted against the Declaration: the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia.  I heartily encourage our readers to look at Professor Melody MacKenzie’s insightful article entitled, “The U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Part I,” contained in Ka Huli Ao’s newsletter, Ka Moaʻe.

Kepakemapa 10: No ke Kumukānāwai o ka Hui Kūʻai ʻĀina o Wainiha

September 10, 1877: Regarding the Constitution of the Land Acquisition Association of Wainiha

As explained by Adam Roversi in his article entitled, The Hawaiian Land Hui Movement: A Post-māhele Counter-Revolution in Land Tenure and Community Resource Management, “[i]n 1869, seventy-one Hawaiians joined together to purchase virtually the entire 15,000-acre ahupuaʻa of Wainiha on the Island of Kauaʻi. Although they held title to the land as private property, they did so communally, sharing the use and management of the unoccupied and uncultivated portions of the ahupuaʻa including the near shore fishery.” This group was known as Hui Kuai Aina o Wainiha. Nearly 80 years later in 1947, this Hui was forcibly broken apart in partition proceedings initiated by McBryde Sugar Company.

Below are short excerpts of the original organizing document entitled, “Kumukanawai o ka Hui Kuai Aina o Wainiha.” A transcription follows.

Available in Wainiha, Hui Kuai Aina o Wainiha Records, 1877 – 1900.

Continue reading “Kepakemapa 10: No ke Kumukānāwai o ka Hui Kūʻai ʻĀina o Wainiha”

Kapakemapa 2: “Liliuonamoku”

September 2, 1838: “Liliuonamoku”

Queen Liliʻuokalani, the Hawaiian Kingdom’s last reigning monarch, was born on September 2, 1838. To celebrate her 180th birthday, Punawaiola presents a mele found in the Foreign Office and Executive Numbered collection entitled “Liliuonamoku” (affectionately, Liliʻu of the Islands). Transcriptions are provided below.

Available in Foreign Office and Executive Numbered Documents 200-208.

Continue reading “Kapakemapa 2: “Liliuonamoku””

No ka Makani Pāhili ʻo Lane

Regarding Hurricane Lane

With apologies, last week’s blog postings were temporarily halted due to closures related to our preparations for Hurricane Lane. Our servers were shut down for four days as we prepared for an incoming category 5 hurricane. The storm drenched parts of our state with an estimated 3-4 feet of rainfall.  The National Weather Service reported that the rain associated with Hurricane Lane produced the “third highest storm total rainfall from a tropical cyclone in the United States since 1950.” We are back on schedule this week and we thank you for your patience!

Coincidentally, about 147 years ago, another hurricane struck our archipelago in August. In 1871, a hurricane blasted Hawaiʻi island and Maui. By analyzing meteorological observations reported in contemporary Hawaiian language newspapers, modern-day scientists were able to determine that a category 3 hurricane struck both islands. See Steven Businger, M. Puakea Nogelmeier, Pauline W.U. Chinn, & Thomas Schroder, Hurricane with a History: Hawaiian Newspapers Illuminate an 1871 Storm (2017). The article illustrates the value of Hawaiian-language materials as resources for modern day researchers and scientists.

“Artist’s rendering of the destruction and mayhem visited on a Hawaiian compound during the Hawaii hurricane of 1871.” See Steven Businger, M. Puakea Nogelmeier, Pauline W.U. Chinn, and Thomas Schroeder, Hurricane with a History: Hawaiian Newspapers Illuminate an 1871 Storm (available at:


ʻAukake 12: “Ka La i Huki ia iho ai o ka Hae Hawaii ilalo”

August 12, 1898: Lowering of the Hawaiian Flag

Photo credit: Hawaiʻi State Archives.

On August 12, 1898, the Republic of Hawai‘i ceded sovereignty of the islands to the United States under the terms of the Joint Resolution of Annexation. As part of this cession, the republic also conveyed title to Hawai‘i’s public lands to the United States. The public lands, which included Government and Crown Lands, were “estimated to amount to almost 1.8 million acres, with a value of at least $5.5 million.” See Melody Kapilialoha MacKenzie, Historical Background, in Native Hawaiian Law:  A Treatise at n. 213 (Melody Kapilialoha MacKenzie et al. eds., 2015).  On this day, the Hawaiian flag was lowered and the United States flag was raised in its place.

This mournful event was described in Hawaiian newspapers of the time, for example: Ke Aloha  Aina, 13 Augate 1898 (“E Kaumaha Kakou me ka Ehaeha,” “Kaumaha na Lani Kaumaha Pu me ka Lahui”). In contrast, The Pacific Commercial Advertiser stoically announced on August 13, 1898: “Flags Changed: Old Glory Is Now the Ensign of the Hawaiian Islands.”

Photo credit: Hana Hou! The Magazine of Hawaiian Airlines.  Above: The last Hawaiian flag to fly in Hawaiʻi, lowered after annexation ceremonies on August 12, 1898. Collection of nineteenth century flags are currently under the care of the Hawaiʻi State Archives.